With this lesson, we complete the halachos of ‘HaTov v’HaMeitiv’ over superior wine! 12) The bracha ‘HaTov v’HaMeitiv’ is said only if there is still some of the original wine on the table, and the second wine is being drunk for variety and for its superior quality. If only because the first wine was consumed, was the second brought to the table, the bracha is not said over it, even though it happens to be superior.
13) The bracha ‘HaTov v’HaMeitiv’ is said only when there is at least one other person along with the host to share both wines; but not when one dines alone. The idea of sharing the goodness with another is implied by the seeming redundancy in the text of the bracha itself: “He is good” – i.e. to a person “and He bestows goodness” – i.e. to his companion. This qualification is met even if one shares the wines with his wife or children. (MB: As we will see from seif 14 (next paragraph), this requires that the other person is given “proprietorship” in the two wines.)
14) Regarding a guest eating at the table of his host: If the host places the wine bottles (i.e. first and second) on the table so that whoever wishes may drink, then the wine is considered as “communal property”, and the bracha ‘HaTov v’HaMeitiv’ is recited. However, if the host (or his agent) pours into the cup of the guests, but does not allow them to take freely from the wine at will, ‘HaTov u’Meitiv’ is not said over a second bottle – even by the host himself. This is because, since the guests have no proprietorship in the wine, it is not considered as though the goodness is being shared (i.e. equally) by the two parties!