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Laws of Kiddush (abridged)
MBY 272:1-8 (abridged) Laws of Kiddush (part 9) [Based heavily upon Kitzur Shulchan Aruch: 77:3 – The Laws of Kiddush, “Metsudah” edition, with notes, translated and annotated by Rabbi Avrohom Davis]

From the Kitzur Shulchan Aruch:

“It is a mitzvah to recite Kiddush on old wine and to select fine wine. If possible, one should dignify the Kiddush by using red wine. Where “suitable” Kosher wine is not available, one may recite Kiddush on raisin wine.”

Notes:
9) Perhaps the word “suitable” is intended to exclude white wine – i.e. raisin wine is preferable to very white wine (!)
10) Some authorities are of the opinion that the raisins must be crushed first and then allowed to stand for three days; others disagree.

Ed (thinking aloud): I’m not really sure what raisin wine is; is it anything like grape juice? What is the take-home of this lesson?
I would like to quote from one of my favorite contemporary halachic authors: Rav Simcha Bunim Cohen, in The Radiance of Shabbos, published by Mesorah Publications (Artscroll), p. 45:
1) Kiddush must be recited over wine. Although it is preferable to use wine for Kiddush, grape juice is also permissible. 2) Only wine whose bracha is ‘borei pri hagafen’ may be used for Kiddush (Ed: e.g. not blackberry wine whose bracha is “shehakol”.)
3) It is a mitzvah to use red wine. If none is available, one should use the best type of wine in his possession. A preferred white wine takes precedence over a red wine of lesser preference.

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