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Laws relating to cleaning and folding clothes (Part 2 – abridged)
MBY 302:1-13 [Based heavily upon Kitzur Shulchan Aruch: 80:32-41, “Metsudah” edition, with notes, translated and annotated by Rabbi Avrohom Davis]

[Ed: The halachic issues involving cleaning stains from garments on Shabbos are complex, and one should not attempt to do so without competent halachic basis. For the next two scenarios discussed in the Kitzur Shulchan Aruch (par. 38-39), I would like to defer to the The 39 Melachos by Rabbi Dovid Ribiat (Vol. III, pp. 708-712). There is much more on this topic to study than what we will present here…]
38) Removing mud from a garment. Rabbi Ribiat: “ a) If the substance is thick and moist: Ordinarily, when wet mud, cholent… or similar thick substances become stuck to fabric, much of the stain remains well above the surface, with only a small amount becoming absorbed into the fabric and leaving a mark or discoloration… A spoon or the back of a knife may be used to scrape (gently, not vigorously) the part of the substance that is above the surface… One must be careful to scrape from the surface of the material only, and not attempt to lift any residual stain that is absorbed into the fabric… b) Mud that dried on a fabric: If wet mud dried on a fabric, one may not scrape it off in any manner, because it will crumble into tiny particles. Causing the mud to crumble would involve the melacha of tochain (grinding!) There is no permissible manner of removing dried mud from clothes, and the mud must therefore be left untouched. However, if one must wear the garment and is embarrassed because of the stain, he may ask a non-Jew to scrape it off. (The Rabbinic ordinance of ‘amira l’akum’ – instructing a non-Jew – is waived in deference to the consideration for ‘kavod habriyos’ – human dignity.)”
39) Removing dust from a garment. Rabbi Ribbiat: “… One should not remove any dust from any garment by any means on Shabbos or Yom Tov. With old or light-colored garments, one may force out the dust in a back-handed manner (e.g. with the back of one’s hand, or snapping one’s fingers against the material. One may also ask a non-Jew to brush the garment if he is embarrassed to wear the garment otherwise.”

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