Ed. Intro: We have learned in previous lessons in this siman that when an animal is inaccessible on Yom Tov due to forbidden trapping, there is an additional layer of prohibition from the standpoint of muktzah. According to the opinion of the Mechaber of the Shulchan Aruch (495:4), muktzah can be an issue on Yom Tov even when an animal is not prohibited by trapping – even more strictly than as prescribed by the Shabbos muktzah laws! According to this view, an animal is considered muktzah on Yom Tov if it was not explicitly or implicitly ‘muchan’ (prepared) for Yom Tov food usage. Some animals, by nature, are implicitly ‘muchan’; others are not. For those that are not implicitly ‘muchan’, a process called ‘zimun’ – i.e. explicit designation – must be done before Yom Tov, if those animals are to be slaughtered and/or eaten on Yom Tov. In our current lesson, we will illustrate which animals are implicitly ‘muchan’ and which require ‘zimun’ before Yom Tov. In the following lesson, we will learn about the process of ‘zimun’.
[According to the more lenient ruling of the Rama in siman 495, I question whether or not the cases that follow need be treated as muktzah and requiring ‘zimun’… See Mishnah Berura’s comment 495:18. It seems from our current lesson, therefore, that the prevailing opinion is that of the Mechaber. However, see MB 495:16 who cites many authorities who rely on the more lenient view of the Rama. I remain in a quandary as to what the Rama would say about the many cases of ‘zimun’ discussed here…]
Implicitly ‘muchan’ – not requiring ‘zimun’:
1) Ducks, chickens, doves that reside in domestic settings such as a house or courtyard, are automatically considered to be ‘muchan’ for eating, and are thus not muktzah. (Note: This does not include chickens that are designated for egg-laying.) There is also no prohibition against grabbing these docile creatures, because doing so is not considered to be trapping. 2) For nests of rams and deer that are birthing their young, there are no trapping or muktzah issue regarding the young “Bambi’s”. However, both are prohibited with respect to the parents.
Not implicitly ‘muchan’ – require ‘zimun’:
1) Wild animals and birds (kosher ones, of course) - even if they do not require prohibited trapping – i.e. they were placed in a small fenced-in area from before Yom Tov (see MBY 495 Part 1) – are still in need of ‘zimun’ before Yom Tov. Because of their nature, they are not presumed to have been thought of for eating unless explicitly designated as such.
2) Some doves and birds reside in more rural settings, such as cotes, lofts and cages. Even if there was no trapping prohibition – i.e. they are still too young to fly – they still require ‘zimun’ to permit their consumption on Yom Tov.