MBY 482-485 (abridged)
Ed. The next four short simanim cover the following topics:
- If one does not have enough shmura matzah
- If one does not have enough wine
- Making a Seder in more than one house
- One who made an oath not to eat matzah I did not find that the halacha sefarim in English covered these topics, so I am not going to try and outdo them! We will try to remember that these simanim are here in case we ever encounter these scenarios.
For now, let us move on to…
MBY 486 How much is a kezayis (olive-sized piece)?
Ed. Here too, I am going to take a short cut: The amounts required for matzah and maror needed for the Seder have already been explained in a lesson entitled MBY 475:1 The Seder: From the second hand-washing thru the “Hillel Sandwich”. I will be happy to furnish that lesson to you from the MBY Archives. I also recommend the following article on Seder measurements: http://www.star-k.org/kashrus/kk-ThePesachSeder.htm
MBY 487–488, 490-491 Tefila on Pesach (abridged) Ed. As far as Pesach davening, the best education I can give is: “Follow the Siddur!” The Artscroll Siddur does a great job of giving instructions. Here are few points to keep in mind:
- What to do when Yom Tov coincides with Shabbos, in terms of an abbreviated Kabalas Shabbos, Shabbos insertions into the Yom Tov Shemoneh Esrei and more
- Using the special Yom Tov Shemoneh Esrei for maariv, shacharis and mincha (beginning on p. 660) and musaf (p. 674). Halacha is replete with procedures in case of errors regarding these davening changes. However, they are complicated, so don’t err, OK?!
- Adding the extra bracha in the Yom Tov Shemoneh Esrei on Motzei Shabbos (‘Va-todiyeinu’ / “You made known to us” – see p. 664) in the maariv Shemoneh Esrei, as well as Havdala insertions in the Kiddush (see p. 658)
- The custom of reciting Hallel at night in shul: [Halachos of Pesach, by Rav Shimon Eider z”l, p. 204: “In some communities, the minhag is to recite the complete Hallel with a bracha on the first night of Pesach in Eretz Yisrael and the first two nights outside of Eretz Yisrael; this is the minhag of Nusach Sfard and Nusach HaGra.”)
- ‘Sefiras HaOmer’ / Counting the Omer, beginning on the second night of Pesach (see reference to these halachos below)
- The special bracha/-os for candle-lighting – see p. 296
- The recitation of the complete Hallel on the first two days of Pesach (outside of Eretz Yisrael) and half-Hallel on the remaining days
- The special Torah readings each day of Pesach
- The deletion of the phrase Mashiv HaRuach (“He makes the wind blow”) once the special Prayer for Tal (Dew) is recited during the Musaf Shemoneh Esrei repetition (see p. 702). (Also, See MBY 114:3-4 Seasonal insertions and omissions: If forgotten or said mistakenly, for relevant halachos on that.)
- Tefila on the days of Chol Hamoed, which includes Hallel, Krias HaTorah and Musaf. (Also, See MBY 31:2 Tefillin on Shabbos and Yom Tov (part 2 - final) for a discussion about wearing Tefillin on Chol HaMoed
- Making Havdala after Yom Tov
Ed. The following two important simanim:
MBY 489:1-10 Sefiras HaOmer (counting the Omer) MBY 493:1-4 Customs during the omer period have been already covered in a previous cycle. Once again, MBY Archives on those topics are available upon request!
492 Fasting after Pesach (Beha”b – abridged) (Excerpted from The Artscroll Siddur, p. 820-821 in the footnotes):
The acronym Beis-Heh-Beis stands for Monday, Thursday and Monday. It is an ancient custom going back to Temple times that some people would fast on three days – Monday, Thursday and Monday – after Pesach and Sukkos to atone for the possibility that they may have become excessively frivolous and sinned during the long festival of eating and drinking. During Shavuos, which is only a one-day festival, there was little chance of such an occurrence, so no fasts were adopted after Shavuos. Since it is not proper to fast unnecessarily during the festive months of Nissan and Tishrei, the fasts were deferred until Iyar and Cheshvan. (Ed. Even today – especially in larger communities – special Selichos prayers are added to Shacharis on the Beha”b days, and some individuals still observe the fasts.)
MBY 494:1-3 Tefila on Shavuos (abridged) Ed. Shavuos is a short but very holy festival, with all of the Yom Tov tefilos in its liturgy. Once again, if you follow your siddur, you will not go wrong! There are several time-honored cutoms many observe on Shavuos, such as eating dairy (esp. cheesecake!) and adorning the home and shul with greens and flowers, representing the Giving of the Torah on Mount Sinai, which occurred on that day.