(Excerpted from KSA (Metzudah Edition) Siman 129 “Laws of Rosh Hashana”, pp. 291-292)
11) On RH, when you say ‘Avinu Malkeinu’ (“Our Father, our King, we have sinned before you…”) you should not beat your breast as on weekdays and on YK, because we do not say ‘vidui’ (confession) on RH, which is a Yom Tov. Rather, you should have this interpretation in mind (when saying that first line and the 2 lines following – “… we have no King but you… deal with us for Your Name’s sake”): Our forefathers sinned before you, because they worshipped idols; but as for us, we have no King but you! Therefore, our Father, our King, deal kindly with us for Your Name’s sake!
12) When the Sefer Torah is removed from the Ark, it is customary to recite the Thirteen Attributes (of mercy – ‘Yud-gimel midos haRachamim’.) On Shabbos, it is not recited.
Ed. As we always teach: Please follow your siddur or machzor for the prescribed Torah reading service. We will mention just this: On RH there are five primary aliyos (i.e. not including maftir), unless it occurs on Shabbos, in which case there are seven.
MBY 585:1-5 The bracha over the Shofar (abridged) (Excerpted from KSA (Metzudah Edition) Siman 129 “Laws of Rosh Hashana”, pp. 293-295) Ed. Please consult your machzor for the text of the brachos recited over the mitzvah of blowing the shofar. The bracha is actually formulated over the real mitzvah – to hear the shofar blown! The ‘baal tokea’ (Shofar blower) is merely enabling everyone (himself included) to fulfill the mitzvah of hearing it!
14) When the one blowing the shofar recites the brachos (two in all), the congregation should not respond ‘Baruch Hu u’varuch Sh’mo’ (“Blessed is He and blessed is His Name”), but they should listen attentively to the brachos and after each one they should respond ‘Amein’, with concentration. It is forbidden to make any interruption from that point until after all the tekois (blasts) that are blown during the repetition of the Musaf Amidah. Therefore, the ‘shammas’ (sexton) should not announce “Silence please during services!” even if he usually does so at other times!
15) … The main reason for blowing the shofar is to stir the people to wholehearted repentance. As the Rambam, of blessed memory wrote (Laws of Repentance 3:4), “Although the blowing of the shofar on RH is ordained by Scriptural verse, it has an underlying message, as if it were telling us, “Wake up from your sleep, you slumberers, and you who are soundly asleep, awake from your deep sleep, scrutinize your deeds and repent, and remember your Creator. You, who are oblivious of the truth in your futile pursuit of transitory values, and engrossed all your years in the pursuit of vain and hollow things that are useless and will not save you – look at the state of your souls, and improve your ways and your deeds. Let each of you abandon his evil ways and his thoughts which are not good.”
How do you say all that in a sound? Tekiah…!!!