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Halacha Summaries

MBY 47:7-9 Birchos HaTorah (brachos on Torah study - part 4)
MBY 47:7-9 Birchos HaTorah (brachos on Torah study - part 4)
In our previous lesson, we reviewed the two (or three) Birchos HaTorah (full text found in Artscroll Siddur, p.16-17) Today, we learn that there is actually a “surrogate” Birkas ...
MBY 47:10-14 Birchos HaTorah (brachos on Torah study - part 5 - final)
MBY 47:10-14 Birchos HaTorah (brachos on Torah study - part 5 - final)
In this lesson, we will discuss a general question which has a number of applications: How often does one have to “refresh” his Birchos HaTorah (i.e. make them again)? Is it ...
MBY 48 The Daily ‘Tamid’ Offering
MBY 48 The Daily ‘Tamid’ Offering
This brief siman can be absorbed by making a perusal of several pages of the siddur (see Artscroll Siddur, pp. 32-42.) While many have never recited these sections, much less studied them, our Sages declare that ...
MBY 49 Saying ‘Krias Shema’ by heart
MBY 49 Saying ‘Krias Shema’ by heart
The Talmud (Gittin 60b) states: “R. Yehudah b. Nachmani, the public orator of R. Shimon b. Lakish, discoursed as follows: It is written, ‘Write for yourself these words’ (Shmos 34:27), and it is written, ‘For ...
MBY 50 Saying ‘Eizehu M’koman’ (and ‘Rabi Yishmael Omer’)
MBY 50 Saying ‘Eizehu M’koman’ (and ‘Rabi Yishmael Omer’)
With this siman, we conclude the formation of the long section of Shacharis (often skipped and unfamiliar to many) known as the ‘Korbanos’ (sacrificial offerings). After having learned ...
MBY 51:1-3 From ‘Baruch She’amar’ till ‘Yishtabach’ (part 1)
MBY 51:1-3 From ‘Baruch She’amar’ till ‘Yishtabach’ (part 1)
Pesukei d’Zimra (lit. “Verses of Song”) is the section of Shacharis that is filled with praises of Hashem, taken mostly from Tehillim (Book of Psalms). The Sages instituted that this ...
MBY 51:4-5 From ‘Baruch She’amar’ till ‘Yishtabach’ (part 2)
MBY 51:4-5 From ‘Baruch She’amar’ till ‘Yishtabach’ (part 2)
Question: What interruptions, if any, are permitted during Pesukei d’Zimrah?
Answer: Almost all mitzvah responses are permitted. These include:
a) Responding to ‘Kaddish’ (p. 82 ...
MBY 51:6-9 From ‘Baruch She’amar’ till ‘Yishtabach’ (part 3 - final)
MBY 51:6-9 From ‘Baruch She’amar’ till ‘Yishtabach’ (part 3 - final)
We have learned thus far that the entire ‘Pesukei d’Zimrah’ is like a sealed unit, and preferably, no interruptions should be made therein, except for the mitzvah-responses ...
MBY 52 What to do if one arrives late to shul
MBY 52 What to do if one arrives late to shul
The problem: It happens to the best of us (at least once)! I am late to shul. When I arrive, the congregation has already begun ‘Pesukei d’Zimrah’ – oy! I’ve got to put on my Tefillin, and I’ve got ...
MBY 53:1-3 Appointing a chazzan to lead the davening (part 1)
MBY 53:1-3 Appointing a chazzan to lead the davening (part 1)
[Ed: Before we even begin the topic of appointing a chazzan, let me ask you a question: Doesn’t it seem odd that this topic is being raised when we are already half-way through the ...
MBY 53:4-14 Appointing a chazzan to lead the davening (part 2)
MBY 53:4-14 Appointing a chazzan to lead the davening (part 2)
In this lesson, we will discuss the major qualifications the halacha requires for the appointment of a ‘Chazzan’ (a.k.a ‘Shaliach Tzibur’, lit. messenger of the congregation, ...
MBY 53:15-21 Appointing a chazzan to lead the davening (part 3)
MBY 53:15-21 Appointing a chazzan to lead the davening (part 3)
Now, we will discuss the process of inviting the ‘Shatz’ (acronym for ‘Shaliach Tzibur’ – lit. the agent of the community) to come down and lead the davening. Here, we must ...
MBY 53:22-26 Appointing a chazzan to lead the davening (part 4 - final)
MBY 53:22-26 Appointing a chazzan to lead the davening (part 4 - final)
Question: Is it preferable for a ‘kehillah’ (congregation) to obtain a salaried ‘Shatz kavua’ (regular ‘Shaliach Tzibur’ or ‘Chazzan’), or one who does it gratis? Answer: ...
MBY 54:1-3 Laws pertaining to ‘Yishtabach’
MBY 54:1-3 Laws pertaining to ‘Yishtabach’
Question: We have learned that ‘Yishtabach’ is a bracha. If so, why does it not begin with the words ‘Baruch Atah Hashem…’?
Answer: At the beginning of the previous siman, we learned about the ...

MBY 55:1-3 Laws pertaining to ‘Kaddish’ and the formation of a minyan (part 1)
What Jewish male over Bar Mitzvah would not love to walk into shul and be greeted with, “You have just made the ‘minyan’!” What is the source of the concept of ...
MBY 47:1 Birchos HaTorah (brachos on Torah study - part 1)
MBY 47:1 Birchos HaTorah (brachos on Torah study - part 1)
From among the Birchos Hashachar, the Shulchan Aruch chose to devote an entire siman to one group – the Birchos HaTorah (see Artscroll Siddur, p.16.) Why were these brachos singled out? ...
MBY 47:2-4 Birchos HaTorah (brachos on Torah study - part 2)
MBY 47:2-4 Birchos HaTorah (brachos on Torah study - part 2)
Question: When does one make the Birchos HaTorah?
Answer: That is a multi-faceted question, which we will be answering in stages. For now, let us focus on the most general facet: ...
MBY 47:5-6 Birchos HaTorah (brachos on Torah study - part 3)
MBY 47:5-6 Birchos HaTorah (brachos on Torah study - part 3)
The full text of the Birchos HaTorah can be found in the Artscroll Siddur, on page 16-17, but we have excerpted them below. You will notice that, according to our presentation here, ...
MBY 26:1-2 If one has only one ‘tefilah’ (‘shel yad’ or ‘shel rosh’)
MBY 26:1-2 If one has only one ‘tefilah’ (‘shel yad’ or ‘shel rosh’)
Although the Torah commands that we put tefillin on both the arm and the head, and that we do them in one continuous act, as we have learned, that does not mean that if one puts ...
MBY 27:1-4 The Positioning of the Tefillin (part 1)
MBY 27:1-4 The Positioning of the Tefillin (part 1)
In this siman, we will learn many “cardinal rules” about the proper positioning of the ‘batim’ (tefillin boxes) and ‘retzuos’ (straps) of the tefillin ‘shel yad’ and ‘shel rosh’. I say ...
MBY 27:5-8 The Positioning of the Tefillin (part 2)
MBY 27:5-8 The Positioning of the Tefillin (part 2)
In the previous lesson, we learned that a “lefty” puts tefillin on his right arm rather than on his left arm. The halacha states that an ambidextrous person puts the tefiilin on his left arm, ...
MBY 27:9-11 The Positioning of the Tefillin (part 3 - final)
MBY 27:9-11 The Positioning of the Tefillin (part 3 - final)
Now we get to one of the “weak spots” of the mitzvah of wearing tefillin: the proper placement of the ‘bayis’ of the ‘shel rosh’. Unfortunately. many people are either unaware, or less ...
MBY 28:1-2 Taking Off the Tefillin
MBY 28:1-2 Taking Off the Tefillin
Last week we learned that it is recommended for a person to periodically check the position of his tefillin – particularly the ‘shel rosh’ – because it tends to shift downward or to the sides, which are “out of ...
MBY 29 A bracha for taking off the tefillin?
MBY 29 A bracha for taking off the tefillin?
Have you ever heard of a bracha that is recited when the tefillin are removed?

If you said no, that’s good, because our practice is not to say one. However, the question is not so far-fetched. ...

MBY 30:1-5 The time for tefillin
MBY 30:1-5 The time for tefillin
Yesterday, we learned the following:
“Actually, according to the Torah, we could wear our tefillin all day and all night! The reason we do not wear our tefillin at night is because the rabbis decreed that we ...
MBY 31:1 Tefillin on Shabbos and Yom Tov
MBY 31:1 Tefillin on Shabbos and Yom Tov
Almost everyone knows that we do not wear tefillin on Shabbos and Yom Tov. The question is: why not? The complete answer to this question is surprisingly complex, which is why I want to learn it with ...
MBY 31:2 Tefillin on Shabbos and Yom Tov (part 2 - final)
MBY 31:2 Tefillin on Shabbos and Yom Tov (part 2 - final)
Any one who wears tefillin is bound (n.p.i.) to ask (or be asked): “Do I/you wear tefillin on Chol Hamoed (the intermediary days of Pesach and Sukkos)? And it is amazing how there is such ...
MBY 32:1-36 The writing of the parchments of Tefillin (a list of topics)
Dear MBY Readers,
Some of the remaining holes we have in Mishna Berura Volume 1 pertain to the halachos of Tefillin (and that’s notwithstanding the many lessons we had in it!) For the most part, these halachos are relevant to the scribe, not the ...
MBY 32:37 The Tefillin ‘Batim’ (boxes) (Intro and part 1)
MBY 32:37 The Tefillin ‘Batim’ (boxes) (Intro and part 1)
Intro: In the next series of halachos, we will learn about subjects that most people never learn about – the making of tefillin. You might say that the reason most people don’t learn ...
MBY 32:37 The Tefillin ‘Batim’ (boxes) (Intro and part 1)
MBY 32:37 The Tefillin ‘Batim’ (boxes) (Intro and part 1) Intro: In the next series of halachos, we will learn about subjects that most people never learn about – the making of tefillin. You might say that the reason most people don’t learn about ...
MBY 32:38 The Tefillin ‘Batim’ (boxes) (part 2)
MBY 32:38 The Tefillin ‘Batim’ (boxes) (part 2)
If you’ve ever examined the ‘batim’ of a ‘shel yad’ and a ‘shel rosh’ closely, you have probably noticed a big difference between them. The ‘bayis’ (sing. for ‘batim’) of the ‘shel yad’ is smooth, ...
MBY 32:39 The Tefillin ‘Batim’ (boxes) (part 3)
MBY 32:39 The Tefillin ‘Batim’ (boxes) (part 3)
The next qualification of the ‘batim’ – both the ‘shel rosh’ and ‘shel yad’ – is ‘ribua’ (square-ness).
What needs to be square? Look (or imagine) a ‘bayis’: It has a large cube sitting atop a ...
MBY 32:40 The Tefillin ‘Batim’ (boxes - part 4)
MBY 32:40 The Tefillin ‘Batim’ (boxes - part 4)
The following are some features of the ‘batim’ of the tefillin, which are halachically desirable, but not crucial:
1) Blackness of the ‘batim’: While we are always careful to paint the ‘batim’ ...
MBY 32:41-42 The Tefillin ‘Batim’ (boxes - part 5)
MBY 32:41-42 The Tefillin ‘Batim’ (boxes - part 5)
Question: What are the minimum dimensions required for the ‘batim’?
Answer: Two fingers-width for both length and width of the ‘bayis’ (and that includes the larger square at the base of the ...
MBY 32:43-47 The Tefillin ‘Batim’ (boxes - part 6)
MBY 32:43-47 The Tefillin ‘Batim’ (boxes - part 6)
Here is a list of several additional “bullet points” concerning the ‘batim’:
▪ The ‘titura’ (larger square which is the base of the ‘bayis’) may be made of a separate piece of leather ...
MBY 32:48-52 The Tefillin ‘Batim’ (boxes - part 7 - final)
MBY 32:48-52 The Tefillin ‘Batim’ (boxes - part 7 - final)
A few more “bullets” to complete the siman:
▪ Although we learned that the ‘batim’ should preferably not be coated by anything other than paint, it would be kosher if a thicker ...
MBY 33:1 Fixing Tefillin / ‘Retzuos’ (straps - part 1)
MBY 33:1 Fixing Tefillin / ‘Retzuos’ (straps - part 1)
We have learned that the ‘bayis shel rosh’ is made up of four compartments which are one – i.e. either made originally from the same leather, or fused together somehow. If there is a hole or ...
MBY 33:2-4 Fixing Tefillin / ‘Retzuos’ (straps - part 2)
MBY 33:2-4 Fixing Tefillin / ‘Retzuos’ (straps - part 2)
Torn stitching
If some of the stitching around the base of the ‘titura’ (i.e. the large square under the cubed ‘bayis’) tears, the tefillin must be fixed, particularly if three or more ...
MBY 33:5 Fixing Tefillin / ‘Retzuos’ (straps - part 3 - final)
MBY 33:5 Fixing Tefillin / ‘Retzuos’ (straps - part 3 - final)Torn ‘retzuos’
Question: If the ‘retzuos’ of the tefillin ‘shel rosh’ or ‘shel yad’ tear, can they be repaired (i.e. sewn) or must they be replaced?
Short Answer: It depends on ...
MBY 34:1-4 Tefillin of ‘Rashi’ and ‘Rabbeinu Tam’
MBY 34:1-4 Tefillin of ‘Rashi’ and ‘Rabbeinu Tam’
For this siman, we will present a synopsis of the halachic background behind the curious practice of some Jews who wear two different pairs of tefillin.

As we have learned, each ‘bayis’ of ...

MBY 35 and MBY 36
A listing of topics (more halachos for the scribe):
MBY 35
1) The number of lines of text in the Tefillin parchments

MBY 36
1) Precision in the writing of the letters
2) Parts of letters that must touch
3) Adding the crowns (Heb, ...

MBY 37:1-3 The time of the mitzvah of tefillin
MBY 37:1-3 The time of the mitzvah of tefillin
“The reward due he who fulfills the mitzvah of tefillin is great, and the punishment for he who does not fulfill it is severe.” (paraphrased from Shulchan Aruch) What is meant by “does not fulfill”? ...
MBY 38:1-4 Who is obligated, and who is excused from the mitzvah of tefillin? (part 1)
MBY 38:1-4 Who is obligated, and who is excused from the mitzvah of tefillin? (part 1)
In our last lesson, we learned that a necessary condition for the wearing of tefillin is a clean mind and body. We all know that sometimes maintaining a clean ...
MBY 38:5-7 Who is obligated, and who is excused from the mitzvah of tefillin? (part 2)
MBY 38:5-7 Who is obligated, and who is excused from the mitzvah of tefillin? (part 2)
Question: Does a mourner wear tefillin?
Answer: When a person dies (r”l = ‘rachmana litz’lan’ – “May the Merciful One spare us”), the immediate relatives ...
MBY 38:8-13 Who is obligated, and who is excused from the mitzvah of tefillin? (part 3)
MBY 38:8-13 Who is obligated, and who is excused from the mitzvah of tefillin? (part 3)
Here are a few more halachos to complete the siman:
1) In a very limited way, there may be an exemption from the mitzvah of tefillin for a person who is ...
MBY 39:1-6 Who is qualified to make and sell tefillin? (part 1)
MBY 39:1-6 Who is qualified to make and sell tefillin? (part 1)
In the first paragraph of the Shema, it states, “You shall bind them (i.e. the words of the Torah) upon your arm… And you shall write them on the doorposts of your houses and your ...
MBY 39:7-9 Who is qualified to make and sell tefillin? (part 2)
MBY 39:7-9 Who is qualified to make and sell tefillin? (part 2)
Question: What if an evil villain captures tefillin, and will return them only for a hefty ransom – are we required to oblige him his price?
Answer: Only if his price is no more ...
MBY 39:10 Who is qualified to make and sell tefillin? (part 3 - final)
MBY 39:10 Who is qualified to make and sell tefillin? (part 3 - final)
Question: Do tefillin need to be checked? If so, how often?
Answer: If you ask the average tefillin-wearing Jew on the street, he will tell you that you have to have them ...
MBY 40:1 Treating tefillin with the respect of a holy article (abridged)
MBY 40:1 Treating tefillin with the respect of a holy article (abridged)
As I am sure everyone is aware, tefillin are holy articles (Heb: ‘tashmishei kedusha’), not far behind a ‘sefer Torah’ (Torah scroll). As such, extreme care must be taken, ...
MBY 32:37, 40:2-8, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45 list of topics
MBY 40:2-8 What to do with one’s Tefillin while sleeping or eating

MBY 41 How to carry a load on one’s head while wearing Teffilin

MBY 42 Converting a ‘bayis’ from ‘Shel Yad’ to ‘Shel Rosh’ or vice versa

MBY 43 May one wear Tefillin in a ...

MBY 25:13 Specific Laws of Tefillin (part 4 - final)
MBY 25:13 Specific Laws of Tefillin (part 4 - final)
Question: We learned above that it is most important to wear the tefillin during the Shema section and the Shemoneh Esrei. Suppose a person is able to wear them throughout most of the service, ...
MBY 8:1-6 The halachos of Tzitzis and its wrapping (part a)
MBY 8:1-6 The halachos of Tzitzis and its wrapping (part a) The first instruction we are given regarding the halachos of tzitzis is to always make the bracha and don the talis (both gadol–large and katan-small) while standing! Standing for the ...
MBY 8:7-12 The halachos of Tzitzis and its wrapping (part b)
MBY 8:7-12 The halachos of Tzitzis and its wrapping (part b) Do not make a bracha on a talis katan unless you are sure that it has the right dimensions. We will learn more about the dimensions in a later siman. Briefly, the material of the ...
MBY 8:13-15 The halachos of Tzitzis and its wrapping (part c)
MBY 8:13-15 The halachos of Tzitzis and its wrapping (part c) Multiple taleisim
In our previous lesson, we began a discussion about donning two taleisim in close proximity of one another. The common application of this halacha is when one dons ...
MBY 8:16-17 The halachos of Tzitzis and its wrapping (part d)
MBY 8:16-17 The halachos of Tzitzis and its wrapping (part d)
Question: If a person wore his talis katan the entire night long (sleeping or awake), should he make another bracha in the morning?
Answer: That is the famous Shavuos question! ...
MBY 9:1-2 Tzitzis: Garment materials (part a)
MBY 9:1-2 Tzitzis: Garment materials (part a)

Question: Which materials obligate a garment in the mitzvah of tzitzis?
Answer: First of all, every type of material is obligated. The question is only whether the obligation is from the Torah or ...

MBY 9:3-6 Tzitzis: Garment materials (part b)
MBY 9:3-6 Tzitzis: Garment materials (part b)
We learned that tzitzis strings made of wool satisfy the mitzvah for a garment of any material (except linen), while strings made of other materials satisfy only for garments made of that same ...
MBY 10:1-5 Tzitzis: The Corners (part a)
MBY 10:1-5 Tzitzis: The Corners (part a)
Question: Are only four-cornered garments obligated in tzitzis?
Answer: Sort of. Three-cornered garments are not obligated. Five- or more-cornered garments are obligated, but one may only put four ...
MBY 10:6-10 Tzitzis: The Corners (part b)
MBY 10:6-10 Tzitzis: The Corners (part b)
Question: If a large sheet-like garment is folded in half and worn over the body, where would the tzitzis need to be placed – in the “middle” of the large garment, which are presently the “new corners” of ...
MBY 10:11-12 Tzitzis: The Corners (part c)
MBY 10:11-12 Tzitzis: The Corners (part c)
Not for clothing only
Yesterday we learned that a four-cornered head-dress is not obligated in tzitzis, because it does not qualify as “your garment”, which implies a garment whose primary purpose is ...
MBY 11:1-2 Tzitzis: The Strings (part a)
MBY 11:1-2 Tzitzis: The Strings (part a)
“For G-d’s sake!”
The Torah states: “Gedilim ta’aseh lach…’ - (“Tzitzis-fringes shall you make for yourself”) The rabbis expound from this verse that, in addition to the ‘kavana’ (intent) that one must ...
MBY 11:3-5 Tzitzis: The Strings (part b)
MBY 11:3-5 Tzitzis: The Strings (part b)
In our previous lesson, we introduced the term ‘shezira’ (twisting), as a requirement that the spun one-ply thread must be twisted and at least doubled to form a two-ply thread. The halacha teaches that ...
MBY 11:6-9 Tzitzis: The Strings (part c)
MBY 11:6-9 Tzitzis: The Strings (part c)
Our first two topics today will hopefully never apply, so we will mention them just briefly:
1) Stolen wool or tzitzis strings. These should not be used for the mitzvah, as the Sages inferred from the ...
MBY 11:10-15 Tzitzis: The Strings (part d)
MBY 11:10-15 Tzitzis: The Strings (part d)
In our last lesson, we were given the range of placement of the hole through which the strings are threaded into the garment. It was more than a half-thumb’s length and less than three- fingers-width ...
MBY 12:1-3 Tzitzis: Factors which invalidate the strings
MBY 12:1-3 Tzitzis: Factors which invalidate the strings
We have learned that each tzitzis-fringe has four double-strings, which equal eight singles. We have also learned that each fringe must measure at least twelve thumb-breadths, four of ...
MBY 13:1-3 Tzitzis: Special considerations for Shabbos
MBY 13:1-3 Tzitzis: Special considerations for Shabbos
Did you know that if your tzitzis are not kosher and you walk outside of an eruv on Shabbos, you are violating Shabbos?

“Why?” you ask. “I am wearing a garment; that’s not carrying!”

Your ...

MBY 14:1-5 Tzitzis: A non-Jew or woman; a borrowed talis
MBY 14:1-5 Tzitzis: A non-Jew or woman; a borrowed talis
Here are a few brief “bullets”:
● Although we learned that a non-Jew could be used, as a last resort, to make the tzitzis strings - since he can be instructed to make them for the ...
MBY 15:1-6 Tzitzis: Moving fringes from one garment to another; fixing a torn talis (abridged)
MBY 15:1-6 Tzitzis: Moving fringes from one garment to another; fixing a torn talis (abridged)
One should generally never remove a kosher tzitzis fringe from the kosher talis of a living person, out of respect for the mitzvah, unless his purpose ...
MBY 16 The size of a garment that is obligated in ‘tzitzis’
MBY 16 The size of a garment that is obligated in ‘tzitzis’Question: How big must a garment be in order for the obligation to affix ‘tzitzis’ to apply? Another way to ask the question is: when I go to the Jewish gift shop to buy a pair of ...
MBY 17:1-3 Who is obligated in the mitzvah of ‘tzitzis’?
MBY 17:1-3 Who is obligated in the mitzvah of ‘tzitzis’?
Regarding the mitzvah of tzitzis, the Torah states (Bamidbar 15:39 ), ‘…ur’isem oso, uz’chartem…’ (“…that you may see it and remember…”)
Question: What is implied by the phrase “you may ...
MBY 18:1-2 When is one obligated in the mitzvah of ‘tzitzis’? (part 1)
MBY 18:1-2 When is one obligated in the mitzvah of ‘tzitzis’? (part 1)
In our last lesson, we quoted a pasuk - (Bamidbar 15:39 ), ‘…ur’isem oso, uz’chartem…’ (“…that you may see it and remember…”) – from which we derive that the mitzvah of ...
MBY 18:3 When is one obligated in the mitzvah of ‘tzitzis’? (part 2 - final)
MBY 18:3 When is one obligated in the mitzvah of ‘tzitzis’? (part 2 - final)
In our last lesson, we learned that the mitzvah of tzitzis - and hence our ability to make the bracha over the mitzvah – is only in the daytime.

Question: When does ...

MBY 19:1-2 Making the bracha on the mitzvah of ‘tzitzis’?
MBY 19:1-2 Making the bracha on the mitzvah of ‘tzitzis’?
Question: What exactly is the mitzvah of tzitzis? Is the mitzvah performed at the moment that one ties the tzitzis onto the garment, as the pasuk states (Bamidbar 15:37), ”…that they ...
MBY 20:1-2 Buying and selling tzitzis
MBY 20:1-2 Buying and selling tzitzis
Question: Who can one trust with the kashrus (i.e. halachic validity) of a talis and tzitzis?

(Note: This is a major question - as are all matters of food and mitzvah articles – and it should not be taken ...

MBY 21:1-4 What to do with tzitzis that are no longer usable etc.
MBY 21:1-4 What to do with tzitzis that are no longer usable etc.
Intro: This siman deals with more than its title would suggest. Not only are there halachos about what to do or not to do with tzitzis strings and talis garments when they are old ...
MBY 22 Shehecheyanu on a talis?
MBY 22 Shehecheyanu on a talis?
Question: Is there an obligation to make the bracha Shehecheyanu when one puts on a new talis?
Answer: Perhaps, but let’s pause to briefly orient ourselves to this bracha - when it does and does not apply. The ...
MBY 23:1-3 Wearing tzitzis in a cemetery
MBY 23:1-3 Wearing tzitzis in a cemetery
Many people who wear tzitzis - especially those who wear them hanging outside of their pants(!) - are familiar with the custom of tucking them in when one attends a funeral (R”L) or visits a cemetery. ...
MBY 24:1-6 The great reward for the mitzvah of tzitzis
MBY 24:1-6 The great reward for the mitzvah of tzitzis
While there is technically no obligation to tie tzitzis if one does not wear a 4-cornered garment, it is well-known that Jews have always made it a point to create that obligation by ...
MBY 25:1-4 Specific Laws of Tefillin (part 1)
MBY 25:1-4 Specific Laws of Tefillin (part 1)
‘Talis and Tefillin’
People tend to think of ‘Talis and Tefillin’ as a “set”! While they are, in fact, two distinct mitzvos, they are both typically worn during the morning tefila. Accordingly, ...
MBY 25:5-10 Specific Laws of Tefillin (part 2)
MBY 25:5-10 Specific Laws of Tefillin (part 2)Question: What ‘kavana’ (thoughts or intentions) should one have when donning the tefillin?
Answer: There are two different ‘kavanos’ one should have - one general and the other specific.
The ...
MBY 25:5-10 Specific Laws of Tefillin (part 2) - cont’d
MBY 25:5-10 Specific Laws of Tefillin (part 2) - cont’d
Question: How many brachos are made over the tefillin – one for the ‘tefillin shel yad’ (hand) and one for the ‘tefillin shel rosh’ (head), or just one bracha for both?
Answer: That ...
MBY 25:11-12 Specific Laws of Tefillin (part 3)
MBY 25:11-12 Specific Laws of Tefillin (part 3)
Question: We have learned that the donning of the ‘shel rosh’ should follow closely after the donning of the ‘shel yad’. How does the winding of the ‘retzua’ (strap) around the arm figure into that ...
MBY 1:1 Halachos of waking up in the morning (part 1)
MBY 1:1 Halachos of waking up in the morning (part 1)

What kind of halachos are there about waking up?
Here are several:

1) Wake up like a lion – with a start and ready to stand up and serve Hashem by doing His will – after all, that is why ...

MBY 1:2-4 Halachos of waking up in the morning (part 2)
MBY 1:2-4 Halachos of waking up in the morning (part 2)
Speaking of waking up in the morning, the Shulchan Aruch discusses next the ancient practice of waking up in the middle of the night to recite special prayers called ‘tikun chatzos’ (lit. ...
MBY 1:5-9 Halachos of waking up in the morning (part 3 - final)
MBY 1:5-9 Halachos of waking up in the morning (part 3 - final)
1) The Akeidah (Binding of Yitzchak - pp. 22-24) – [MB: This reminds us of: 1) the ‘z’chus avos’ (merit of our Patriarchs) and 2] the need to be submissive to Hashem’s will, as ...
MBY 2:1-2 Halachos of getting dressed (part 1)
MBY 2:1-2 Halachos of getting dressed (part 1)
If you thought it strange that there are halachos of waking up, wait till you learn the halachos of getting dressed…
The first subject addressed in this siman is the notion of ‘tznius’ (modesty) ...
MBY 2:3-6 Halachos of getting dressed (part 2 - final)
MBY 2:3-6 Halachos of getting dressed (part 2 - final)
The following items are included under the halachos of getting dressed:

1) Dignity (particularly for a ‘Talmid-Chacham’ – Torah Scholar): One should be careful never to wear his clothing ...

MBY 3:1-17 Halachos of using the bathroom (abridged)
MBY 3:1-17 Halachos of using the bathroom (abridged)
In this lesson, we will learn the most relevant halachos and principles in this siman. Some of the points seem practical, more than halachic. I guess this reinforces the idea that halacha is ...
MBY 4:1a Halachos of washing the hands in the morning (Intro – part 1)
MBY 4:1a Halachos of washing the hands in the morning (Intro – part 1)
In this very brief introductory lesson, we would like to clarify something that some people may be unaware of. Most of us are familiar of with the concept of ‘negel vasser’ ...
MBY 4:1b Halachos of washing the hands in the morning (part 2)
MBY 4:1b Halachos of washing the hands in the morning (part 2)
In our introductory lesson to this siman, we learned that there are three reasons that we must wash our hands in the morning:
1) To remove the ‘ruach ra’ah’ (evil spirit) which ...
MBY 4:2-23 Halachos of washing the hands in the morning (part 3 - final)
MBY 4:2-23 Halachos of washing the hands in the morning (part 3 - final)
In truth, to fully encompass the topic of hand-washing (and I am not even touching the hand-washing before a meal), we must back up again and identify actually three ...
MBY 5 Birchos Hashachar (morning brachos – part 1)
MBY 5 Birchos Hashachar (morning brachos – part 1)
Before learning about brachos, the Shulchan Aruch wants us to know a little about the meaning of a brachah, and in particular, the meaning of the various names of Hashem. Indeed, the most ...
MBY 6:1 Birchos Hashachar (morning brachos – part 2)
MBY 6:1 Birchos Hashachar (morning brachos – part 2)
Speaking of the meaning of the brachos, let us examine today the amazing bracha we recite after performing our bodily functions – known as ‘Asher Yatzar’ (translation taken from the Artscroll ...
MBY 6:2-4 Birchos Hashachar (morning brachos – part 3)
MBY 6:2-4 Birchos Hashachar (morning brachos – part 3)
The ‘birchos hashachar’ consist of four preliminary brachos – ‘al netilas yadayim’ (over the morning hand-washing), ‘asher yatzar’ (over our bodily functions), ‘birchos haTorah’ (over Torah ...
MBY 7:1-4 Birchos Hashachar (morning brachos – part 4)
MBY 7:1-4 Birchos Hashachar (morning brachos – part 4)
This lesson is entitled: “Everything you ever wanted to know about making the bracha ‘asher yatzar’ after using the bathroom, but were afraid to ask!” Click here to view article
MBY 46:1-2 Birchos Hashachar (morning brachos – part 5)
MBY 46:1-2 Birchos Hashachar (morning brachos – part 5)
Ed: Please note that that we have just moved from siman 7 to siman 46, and yet we are still on the same topic – Birchos Hashachar! How can that be? Because the Shulchan Aruch interrupts ...
MBY 46:3 Birchos Hashachar (morning brachos – part 6)
MBY 46:3 Birchos Hashachar (morning brachos – part 6)
Have you ever considered how many brachos one makes altogether during the course of a day?
This is not merely fun trivia. The Shulchan Aruch writes that a Jew is obligated to make one ...
MBY 46:4-8 Birchos Hashachar (morning brachos – part 7)
MBY 46:4-8 Birchos Hashachar (morning brachos – part 7)
There are a few of the Birchos Hashachar litany that were not listed in part 5 of this siman. The reason they were not mentioned with the others is because they have “issues” (or at least ...
MBY 46:9 Birchos Hashachar (morning brachos – part 8 - final)
MBY 46:9 Birchos Hashachar (morning brachos – part 8 - final) There are just two small points we need in order to finish this siman and topic:
1) Reciting pesukim as tefila before Birchos HaTorah. The one group of morning brachos we have not ...
MBY 566-580 The communal fast ‘Taanis Tzibur’ - abridged
MBY 566-580 The communal fast (‘Taanis Tzibur’ - abridged) Ed: In our introduction to the subject of Hilchos Taaniyos (laws of fasts), we classified the second of three types of fasts as follows:
2) Public fasts which could theoretically be ...
MBY 561:1-5 Upon seeing Yerushalayim and the Mikdash in its destruction (abridged)
In memory of Sarah Sherwinter z"l, our beloved mother, grandmother and great-grandmother, by Jules, Carol, Danny, Karli, Davey, Lorna, Kayla, Reuben, and Sarit Sherwinter.

22 Shevat 5775 / February 11, 2015

MBY 561:1-5 Upon seeing ...

MBY 560:1-5 Remembering the Beis Hamikdash (abridged)
In memory of Sarah Sherwinter z"l, our beloved mother, grandmother and great-grandmother, by Jules, Carol, Danny, Karli, Davey, Lorna, Kayla, Reuben, and Sarit Sherwinter.

17 Shevat 5775 / February 6, 2015

MBY 560:1-5 Remembering the Beis ...

MBY 555:1-2 Tefillin and Tzitzis on Tisha B’Av (abridged)
MBY 555:1-2 Tefillin and Tzitzis on Tisha B’Av (abridged)
(Once again, we quote heavily from A Summary of the Halachos of the Three Weeks, by Rav Shimon Eider zt”l, pp. 26-28, 30)

The Talis and Tefillin are not worn at Shacharis. The reason ...

MBY 554:1-25 What is prohibited on Tisha B’Av (not so abridged)
MBY 554:1-25 What is prohibited on Tisha B’Av (not so abridged) (Once again, we quote heavily from A Summary of the Halachos of the Three Weeks, by Rav Shimon Eider zt”l, pp. 18-25.)

General prohibitions
On Tisha B’Av it is prohibited to eat, ...

MBY 552:1-12, 553:1-2 Erev Tisha B’Av and the Seuda Hamafsekes (abridged)
MBY 552:1-12, 553:1-2 Erev Tisha B’Av and the Seuda Hamafsekes (abridged)

Ed. In these slightly abridged lessons on siman 552 and 553, we will present the pertinent halachos related to Erev Tisha B’Av and the Seuda Hamafsekes (i.e. the final ...

MBY 551:1-18 The Three Weeks, Nine Days and the Week of Tisha B’Av
MBY 551:1-18 The Three Weeks, Nine Days and the Week of Tisha B’Av (abridged) Quoting largely from A Summary of the Halachos of the Three Weeks, by Rav Shimon Eider zt”l, pp. 2-13

Intro: This siman focuses on the restrictions instituted by the ...

MBY 549:1-2 The Four Fasts
MBY 549:1-2 The Four Fasts
We begin now our study of the four fast days which were decreed by the Prophets in commemoration of national calamities which occurred on those days. Let us review from our previous lesson the purpose of a fast day. ...
MBY 550:1-4 The four Fasts - Part 2
MBY 550:1-4 The difference between Tisha b’Av and the other three fasts

We learned in the previous lesson, based on the Talmud, that the four fasts were originally decreed as mandatory by the Prophets after the destruction of the First Temple, and ...

Introduction to MBY 549-580 Public and individual fasts
Introduction to MBY 549-580 Public and individual fasts
The next 32 simanim in volume XI of the Mishnah Berura are sourced in the Gemara Maseches Taanis (the tractate called “Fasts”). Basically, there are three types of fasts, all derived from a ...
MBY 652:1-2 The time of taking the lulav (abridged)
MBY 652:1-2 The time of taking the lulav (abridged) Our source for this lesson is Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 137:5 (Metsudah edition, translated by Rabbi Avrohom Davis)

Ed. The halacha we will learn in this siman does not address the obvious scenario ...

MBY 650 The measurement of the hadas and arava
MBY 650 The measurement of the hadas and arava (abridged) Our source for this lesson is partly from A Summary of Halachos of the Four Minim, by Rav Shimon Eider zt”l, pp. 6-7

Shiur (measure, i.e. length) of a Lulav, Hadasim and Aravos II B-22: The ...

MBY 649:1-6 Things that invalidate the Four Species
MBY 649:1-6 Things that invalidate the Four Species (abridged) Our source for this lesson is partly from A Summary of Halachos of the Four Minim, by Rav Shimon Eider zt”l, pp. 1-2, partly from Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 137:8 (Metsudah edition, ...
MBY 648:9-22 The Laws of the Esrog
MBY 648:9-22 The Laws of the Esrog (part 4 – abridged, final) Our source for this lesson is A Summary of Halachos of the Four Minim, by Rav Shimon Eider zt”l, pp. 12-16

We are continuing a partial list of factors which invalidate the Esrog. This ...

MBY 629:1-19 Laws of schach
MBY 629:1-19 Laws of schach (abridged)
(Excerpted from Kitzur Shulchan Aruch, Metsudah edition, translated by Rabbi Avrohom Davis, 134:3-4) In the following brief paragraph, observe how the author of the KSA – Rav Shlomo Ganzfried zt”l – cleverly ...
MBY 625 The mitzvah of Sukkah
MBY 625 The mitzvah of Sukkah
The mitzvah of living in a sukkah is stated in Parshas Emor (Vayikra 23: 42-43 – Artscroll Stone edition translation): “You shall dwell in booths for a seven-day period; every native in Israel shall dwell in booths. ...
MBY 609 Hatmana (insulating food) on Erev Yom Kippur
MBY 609 Hatmana (insulating food) on Erev Yom Kippur (YK) Ed. The following halacha may seem a bit obscure, but let us learn it anyway! We have learned in Hilchos Shabbos that ‘hatmana’ (insulating food to keep it warm) on Erev Shabbos, in order to ...
MBY 591:1-8 - 593:1-2; MBY 596 - 601:1-2 (abridged - final)
MBY 591:1-8 - 593:1-2; MBY 596 - 601:1-2 (abridged - final)

Dear MBY Friends,
The following simanim “holes” remain to complete the halachos of RH in our study of the Mishna Berura together. As I mentioned last week, we are doing an ...

MBY 584:1-4 Torah Reading on Rosh Hashana (abridged)
MBY 584:1-4 Torah Reading on Rosh Hashana (abridged)
(Excerpted from KSA (Metzudah Edition) Siman 129 “Laws of Rosh Hashana”, pp. 291-292)

11) On RH, when you say ‘Avinu Malkeinu’ (“Our Father, our King, we have sinned before you…”) you should ...

MBY 582:1-9 Tefilos of RH and Aseres Yemei Teshuva (abridged)
MBY 582:1-9 Tefilos of RH and Aseres Yemei Teshuva (abridged) (Excerpted from KSA (Metzudah Edition) Siman 129 “Laws of Rosh Hashana”, pp. 283-288)

1) In all the Kaddish prayers recited from RH through YK, you should repeat the word ‘le’eila’ (He ...

MBY 581:1-4 Selichos and Erev Rosh Hashana (abridged)
MBY 581:1-4 Selichos and Erev Rosh Hashana (abridged)

Ed. As I look through my Rosh Hashana MBY files, I find myself in the familiar position of seeing many sections completed but still with many holes to fill. With your permission, I would like ...

MBY 546:1-5 Betrothal and marriage MBY 547:1-12 Death and burial and MBY 548:1-20 Mourning (abridged)
MBY 546:1-5 Betrothal and marriage MBY 547:1-12 Death and burial and MBY 548:1-20 Mourning (abridged)

Ed. For the remainder of the halachos of Ch”H, we will address the issues briefly and by quoting from Rabbi Zucker and Francis’ sefer. They ...

MBY 545:1-11 Writing (abridged)
MBY 545:1-11 Writing (abridged)

The matter of writing on Ch”H is often mis-understood (I know it was by me for a long time!) I would estimate that for those who are “fuzzy” about the halachos of Ch”H, the laws of kesiva/writing are stricter than ...

MBY 544:1-2 Communal needs (‘tzorchei rabim’)
MBY 544:1-2 Communal needs (‘tzorchei rabim’) Before beginning to study the topic of this siman – communal needs – we may feel the need to summarize what we have learned in Hilchos Ch”H thus far. I know I do! Let’s begin with a quote from MBY ...
MBY 543:1-3 Work done by a non-Jew
MBY 543:1-3 Work done by a non-Jew
Question: Does the prohibition against ‘amira l’akum’ (i.e. when a Jew instructs a non-Jew to perform melachos that the Jew himself may not perform) apply on Ch”H? We have learned that on Shabbos and Yom Tov, ...
MBY 542: 1-2 Working for others for free
MBY 542: 1-2 Working for others for free
As a general rule, even when melacha is permitted to be done on Ch”H – e.g. l’tzorech hamoed (for festival needs) - the Sages ordained that it be done in the spirit of a festival need. By this we mean ...
MBY 541:1-5 Weaving etc. (abridged)
MBY 541:1-5 Weaving etc. (abridged)
Intro: For this lesson, we will work backwards. As many of the weaving processes that were common household activities back in the times of the Talmud and Shulchan Aruch are no longer so, instead we will go ...
MBY 540:1-8 Building and demolishing (abridged)
MBY 540:1-8 Building and demolishing (abridged) Ed. Intro: When we see the title of this siman, our “highly trained” ( J ) reaction should once again be: We know the rules already – if a melacha must be done l’tzorech hamoed (for a festival need), ...
MBY 539:1-14 Conducting business (‘schora’ - abridged)
MBY 539:1-14 Conducting business (‘schora’ - abridged)

Intro - Question: What is so special about the title of this siman? Have we not already established (see previous lesson) that melacha/work is generally prohibited on Ch”H unless it falls ...

MBY 537:1-16 Work necessary to avoid loss or damage (‘davar ha-aveid’ – abridged)
MBY 537:1-16 Work necessary to avoid loss or damage (‘davar ha-aveid’ – abridged) Ed. Intro: As we venture deeper into this most unique set of hilchos Ch”H, please allow me to make a mid-course observation. It appears to me that the Sages, in ...
MBY 536:1-4 Caring for animals (abridged)
MBY 536:1-4 Caring for animals (abridged) Ed. As our relationship with animals has changed somewhat since the times of the Gemara and Shulchan Aruch - e.g. the horse of yesterday was the car of today – we will not record here all of the discussion ...
MBY 535:1-3 Heavy lifting and moving
MBY 535:1-3 Heavy lifting and moving
Related to the topic of tircha (exertion), this siman discusses another prohibition similar to the one in the last siman (i.e. picking up repaired items from the shop) – namely, moving one’s household or ...
MBY 534:1-3 Laundering etc.
MBY 534:1-3 Laundering etc.
In a previous lesson, we learned:
“It is a mitzvah to groom oneself by shaving and haircutting before Yom Tov begins. In order to ensure that we would properly groom ourselves before Yom Tov begins, and not ...
MBY 533:1-5 Melachos permitted on Ch”H
MBY 533:1-5 Melachos permitted on Ch”H

In this lesson, we will take a look at some of the guiding principles concerning the ‘heter’/permit #1 to do melacha l’tzorech hamoed/work for the sake of festival needs (See MBY 530 Melacha on Chol Hamoed). ...

MBY 532:1-2 Cutting fingernails
MBY 532:1-2 Cutting fingernails

Question: Did the Rabbis treat nail-cutting the same way they treated shaving and haircutting? (See previous lesson) In other words, did they impose a decree prohibiting cutting nails on Ch”H, in order to ensure ...

MBY 530 Melacha on Chol Hamoed
MBY 530 Melacha on Chol Hamoed
As we know, both Pesach and Sukkos contain days which are Yom Tov and days which are Chol Hamoed (commonly translated as “intermediary days”, henceforth to be abbreviated Ch”H – OK Ira?) While the halachos and ...
MBY 531: 1-8 Shaving and haircutting (do’s and don’t’s)
MBY 531: 1-8 Shaving and haircutting (do’s and don’t’s) It is a mitzvah to groom oneself by shaving and haircutting before Yom Tov begins. [Note: Unlike on Erev Pesach, shaving and haircutting may be done on Erev Shabbos or Yom Tov even after ...
MBY 453:1-9 Wheat and its grinding for matzah (abridged – part 2 - final)
MBY 453:1-9 Wheat and its grinding for matzah (abridged – part 2 - final) Kitniyos (legumes) (Excerpted from Halachos of Pesach, by Rav Shimon Eider z”l, pp. 15, 49-51): “Legumes, such as rice, millet, beans, lentils and the like cannot become ...
MBY 456–462 The matzah-baking process (abridged)
MBY 456–462 The matzah-baking process (abridged) Ed. If you have ever had the privilege of being present at a matzah-baking factory, you surely observed the process executed with great haste and precision. Each step in the process is sourced in the ...
MBY 468:1-10 Not doing melacha on erev Pesach in the afternoon (abridged)
MBY 468:1-10 Not doing melacha on erev Pesach in the afternoon (abridged) (Excerpted from The Kleinman Edition – Kitzur Shulchan Aruch, Mesorah Publications, siman 113, pp. 159-160)
3) From halachic midday and on, it is forbidden to do most forms ...
MBY 482-494 Conclusion of Pesach and Shavuos and MBY 482-485 (abridged)
MBY 482-494 Conclusion of Pesach and Shavuos

MBY 482-485 (abridged)
Ed. The next four short simanim cover the following topics:
- If one does not have enough shmura matzah
- If one does not have enough wine
- Making a Seder in more ...

MBY 444:7-8 When Erev Pesach comes out on Shabbos
MBY 444:7-8 When Erev Pesach comes out on Shabbos
(abridged - final) For the last two halachos of this siman – which are not directly related to Erev Pesach on Shabbos but to any Erev Pesach – we will simply introduce the scenarios by quoting ...
MBY 453:1-9 Wheat and its grinding for matzah (abridged)
MBY 453:1-9 Wheat and its grinding for matzah (abridged)
Matzos mitzvah (Excerpted from The Kleinman Edition – Kitzur Shulchan Aruch, Mesorah Publications, introduction to siman 108, p. 114) One of the major activities performed in anticipation ...
Kashering for Pesach (missing lesson)
452:1-7 The time for doing hag’ala (kashering through boiling - abridged) Before the fifth hour (Excerpted from Halachos of Pesach, by Rav Shimon Eider z”l, pp. 135-136): 1) “Kashering for Pesach should preferably be completed before the beginning ...
‘Mayim she-lanu’ (water which was kept overnight – abridged)
MBY 455:1-6 ‘Mayim she-lanu’ (water which was kept overnight – abridged) (Excerpted from The Kleinman Edition – Kitzur Shulchan Aruch, Mesorah Publications, introduction to siman 109, p. 121) “The water used for matzos is subject to special ...
Burning the chametz (part 1 - intro)
MBY 445:1-3 Burning the chametz (part 1 - intro)

In this siman, the procedure for - and other particulars related to - ‘biur chametz’ is covered. I think you will be enlightened by our introductory lesson to this siman, which we will do in a ...

Burning the chametz (part 2)
MBY 445:1-3 Burning the chametz (part 2)

In this second lesson about ‘biur chametz’, we will fill in some of the details that were not covered in the first:

A. The minhag is to perform biur chametz during the daytime of Erev Pesach, not the ...

When Erev Pesach comes out on Shabbos (adapted)
MBY 444:1-8 When Erev Pesach comes out on Shabbos (adapted)

In 2005 (5765) and 2008 (5768), Pesach began on Motzei Shabbos. On average, this occurs approximately once in every nine years. Those years make for an extra-challenging Erev Pesach, ...

Chametz on erev Pesach after mid-day (abridged)
MBY 443:1-3: Chametz on erev Pesach after mid-day (abridged) Intro: We all know that Erev Pesach is a busy day – maybe the busiest of the Jewish calendar year! From the Written and Oral Torah, we learn that this day is not simply a day of ...
Mixtures that contain chametz (part 2 - abridged)
MBY 442:2 Mixtures that contain chametz (part 2 - abridged)

[With assistance from Halachos of Pesach by Rav Shimon D. Eider (pp. 17-21)]:
Intro: In our last lesson, which addressed the first section of this siman, we learned about food ...

Mixtures that contain chametz (part 3 – abridged - final)
MBY 442:2 Mixtures that contain chametz (part 3 – abridged - final)

Ed. We will conclude our study of this siman with a few excerpts from Kitzur Shulchan Aruch, with translation from the new Kleinman Edition published by Mesorah/Artscroll, Vol. 4, ...

Mixtures that contain chametz (part 1)
MBY 442:1 Mixtures that contain chametz (part 1)
MBY 442:1 Mixtures that contain chametz (part 1)
Intro: A significant body of halacha throughout the Torah gamut deals with the study of mixtures (Heb. ‘ta-aruvos’) of forbidden substances with ...
Chametz as collateral for a loan
Dedicated in memory of Sarah Sherwinter z"l, our beloved mother, grandmother and great-grandmother, by Jules, Carol, Danny, Karli, Davey, Lorna, Kayla, Reuben, and Sarit Sherwinter.

MBY 441:1-2 Chametz as collateral for a loan

As mentioned ...

A mouse in the house! (and other stories)
MBY 438:1-2 A mouse in the house! (and other stories)

We have learned that once BC is performed properly, we do not have to suspect that chametz was brought back into the house. (See MBY 434:1-4 Laws pertaining to after bedikas chametz - part 1) ...

If one did not find the number of pieces he put out etc!
MBY 439:1-4 If one did not find the number of pieces he put out etc! (abridged) [Quoted mainly from Artscroll’s Schottenstein Edition of Talmud Bavli (Pesachim I pp. 9b3-10b1)] “The Gemara begins a series of cases discussing the need for a possible ...
A non-Jew’s chametz in a Jew’s home
MBY 440:1-4 A non-Jew’s chametz in a Jew’s home

Intro: What is the obligation of a Jew towards chametz housed within his property but belonging to a non-Jew? In the next two simanim, we will study two applications of this question, both of which ...

Halachos related to Bedikas Chametz on house rentals
MBY 437:1-4 Halachos related to BC on house rentals In this siman, four questions are addressed concerning the obligation of BC where there is a Jewish landlord and a Jewish tenant who make a rental agreement for occupancy effective on or about the ...
One who travels before the bedika (abridged)
MBY 436:1-3 One who travels before the bedika (abridged) [Quoted mainly from Halachos of Pesach by Rav Shimon D. Eider (pp. 89-94)]:
In this lesson, we will attempt to give some guidelines for situations in which a person is away from home, ...
Laws pertaining to after bedikas chametz (part 2 - final)
MBY 434:1-4 Laws pertaining to after bedikas chametz (part 2 - final)

A Tale of Two ‘Bitul’s (nullifications)
After BC is complete, one should recite his first bitul. It is essential that he understand the words of the bitul; this is a ...

If one did not check on the night of the 14th
MBY 435 If one did not check on the night of the 14th

Although the correct time for BC (searching for) and ‘biur’ (burning) is the night of the 14th and the next morning, respectively, it is not limited to that time. By that, we do not refer to ...

Laws pertaining to after bedikas chametz (part 1)
MBY 434:1-4 Laws pertaining to after bedikas chametz (part 1) Immediately after conducting BC, one must securely store any remaining chametz - which consists of any chametz found during BC (including the ten pieces) and any chametz he or his ...
Laws of bedikas chametz (part 2 - final)
Dedicated by Jay and Leah Starkman and Natan and Leah Starkman

In memory of our good friend, MosheAron ben Baruch (Gross) z”l, on his shloshim

3 Teves 5774 / December 6, 2013

MBY 433:1-11 Laws of bedikas chametz (part 2 - final)

The candle ...

433:1-11 Laws of bedikas chametz (part 1)
433:1-11 Laws of bedikas chametz (part 1) As we have learned, the proper time for BC is the night of the 14th of Nisan. The first topic of this siman is making adjustments for BC during irregular times, whether officially sanctioned or ‘b’diavad’ ...
Bracha for bedikas chametz (BC)
MBY 432:1-2 Bracha for bedikas chametz (BC)

Based upon what we learned in the previous lesson, one could think of the bedika (BC = searching for chametz) and the biur (burning) as two stages of one long mitzvah – searching for and then destroying ...

Time for bedikas chametz (search for chametz)
MBY 431:1-2 Time for bedikas chametz (search for chametz)

Intro: Of the many aspects of Hilchos Pesach, perhaps the most anxiety-producing (especially for the classic ‘balabuste’ - Jewish homemaker) is the pre-Pesach-cleaning! One of the leading ...

Shabbos HaGadol
MBY 430 Shabbos HaGadol

Question: Why is the Shabbos before Pesach called Shabbos HaGadol – the GREAT Shabbos? Secondly, why is there a custom to read or recite the bulk of the Magid section of the Haggadah (i.e. which recounts the story of ...

The month of Nisan
MBY 429:1-2 The month of Nisan
Learning the halachos of Pesach.
It is nearly impossible for a person to properly observe the Pesach holiday without studying at least some of its numerous laws and customs. The Sages – and indeed the Torah ...
Eruv Tavshilin (part 4)
MBY 527:12-18 Eruv Tavshilin (part 4)

13) When Yom Tov falls on Thursday and Friday (like this year – 5774), and one made his ET on Wednesday, he may not cook for Shabbos on Thursday, only on Friday. There are no exceptions! (Note: For those who ...

Eruv Tavshilin (part 5)
MBY 527:19-20 Eruv Tavshilin (part 5)

19) There is a dispute among the authorities whether lighting candles on Yom Tov/Friday for Shabbos (or for extra light) requires an ET. In the rare event that one has no ET to rely upon, he may be lenient ...

Eruv Tavshilin (part 6 - final)
MBY 527:21-24 Eruv Tavshilin (part 6 - final)

One additional solution may be available to one who has no ET to rely upon:
21) If it is still early in the day on Yom Tov/Friday, such that one has not yet eaten his main Yom Tov meal, the halacha ...

Eruv Chatzeiros (and Techumin)
MBY 528:1-2 Eruv Chatzeiros (and Techumin)

In this short siman, we will discuss three questions, iy”H:
1) Does one need to set up an ‘eruv’ to carry objects on Yom Tov, as on Shabbos?
[Ed. The term ‘eruv’ here is used in its common reference ...

Simchas Yom Tov (abridged)
MBY 529:1-4 Simchas Yom Tov (abridged)

For this final lesson in Hilchos Yom Tov, we will excerpt from the sefer Yom Tov in Halacha by Rabbi Yisroel Nadoff (pp. 210-211): “Kavod (Honor), Oneg (Enjoyment) and Simcha (Joy) on Yom Tov The Sages ...

Eruv Tavshilin (part 2)
MBY 527:1-12 Eruv Tavshilin (part 2)

B”H, 1) When preparing for Shabbos on Yom Tov, we should do our best to follow the opinion of Rabah who bases the permit to prepare on the concept of ‘ho-il’ (see previous lesson). Practically, this means not ...

Eruv Tavshilin (part 3)
MBY 527:6-12 Eruv Tavshilin (part 3)

7) It is customary for the Rav of the city (or community) to make an ET on behalf of others. This does not give people license to rely on his ET as a matter of course. The Rav’s ET covers only those people ...

Eruv Tavshilin (part 1 - Intro)
MBY 527:1-24 Eruv Tavshilin (part 1 - Intro) This year, 5774, we are given the opportunity to perform the special mitzvah of Eruv Tavshilin, because Rosh Hashana, the first days of Sukkos and Shemini Atzeres/Simchas Torah are all followed by ...
Collecting debts, borrowing food etc.
MBY 525:1-2 Collecting debts, borrowing food etc. (abridged) The following is an excerpt from The 39 Melachos by Rabbi S. B. Cohen (p. 967). While it was written in the context of Shabbos, the Shulchan Aruch in our current siman refers us to that ...
Forbidden carrying on Yom Tov (!)
Dedicated by Sheila and Joseph Accortt

In honor of their 50th Golden Wedding Anniversary. Mazel Tov!

10 Elul 5773 / August 16, 2013

MBY 522:1-4 Forbidden carrying on Yom Tov (!)

Intro: Throughout our study of Hilchos Yom Tov, we have ...

Care for animals (abridged)
Dedicated by Sheila and Joseph Accortt

In honor of their 50th Golden Wedding Anniversary. Mazel Tov!

13 Elul 5773 / August 19, 2013

MBY 523:1-4 Care for animals (abridged)
One may perform minor tasks for the benefit of one’s domestic ...

Sweeping, Saving fruit
Dedicated by Sheila and Joseph Accortt
In honor of their 50th Golden Wedding Anniversary. Mazel Tov!

9 Elul 5773 / August 15, 2013

MBY 520, 521:1-3 Sweeping, Saving fruit

MBY 520 Sweeping the house. In this tiny siman, the Shulchan Aruch ...

Sending gifts on Yom Tov (abridged)
MBY 516:1-3 Sending gifts on Yom Tov (abridged)

Giving a gift involves a transfer of ownership and is thus similar to a transaction. Accordingly, it is generally forbidden to give gifts on Shabbos. On Yom Tov, however, it is permitted to send ...

Obtaining goods from a shop on Yom Tov (abridged)
Dedicated in memory of Sarah bas Chaim a”h, mother of Mrs. Leah Starkman, on the occasion of her 11th yahrzeit. May her neshama be elevated in the merit of the study of Torah in her memory.

By Jay and Leah Starkman and family

27 Tamuz 5773 / ...

‘Hotza’a’/Carrying and transporting on Yom Tov (abridged)
MBY 518:1-9 ‘Hotza’a’/Carrying and transporting on Yom Tov (abridged)

Remember the ‘ochel nefesh’ and ‘mitoch’ principles, by which food-related melachos are permitted and extended to even non-food Yom Tov needs? [Ed: For a quick review, please ...

Removing and replacing doors and other Rabbinic prohibitions
Dedicated with gratitude to HaKadosh Baruch Hu on the occasion of our 40th wedding anniversary!

By Mr. Jay and Mrs. Leah Starkman

29 Av 5773 / August 5, 2013

MBY 519:1-5 Removing and replacing doors and other Rabbinic prohibitions

Intro: We ...

Items arriving from outside the ‘techum’ (city boundary) on Yom Tov (abridged)
MBY 515:1-9 Items arriving from outside the ‘techum’ (city boundary) on Yom Tov (abridged)
Question: Suppose your non-Jewish business-associate, who lives in the next town over, shows up at your door one fine Yom Tov day, with a live turkey from ...
Newly laid eggs on Yom Tov (abridged)
MBY 513:1-8 Newly laid eggs on Yom Tov (abridged)

Intro: Anyone who has ever dabbled in Mishna – particularly the Tractate called ‘Beitzah’ (lit. “egg”) which covers the Oral Laws concerning Yom Tov – is familiar with the opening case: “An egg ...

‘Mechabeh’/extinguishing on Yom Tov (abridged)
MBY 514:1-11‘Mechabeh’/extinguishing on Yom Tov (abridged) [Quoted largely from The Laws of Yom Tov by Rav Simcha Bunim Cohen (pp. 101-104)]:

The melacha of ‘mechabeh’/extinguishing is interesting in the way it applies to the halachos of Yom Tov. ...

Cooking for Non-Jews on Yom Tov (abridged)
MBY 512:1-3 Cooking for Non-Jews on Yom Tov (abridged) [Quoted mainly from The Laws of Yom Tov by Rav Simcha Bunim Cohen (pp. 42)]:

It is prohibited on Yom Tov to do melacha (either Biblically or Rabbinically prohibited) specifically for the sake ...

‘Mav’ir’/lighting a fire and heating water on Yom Tov (part 1)
MBY 511:1 ‘Mav’ir’/lighting a fire and heating water on Yom Tov (part 1) For this lesson, we are going to let our MBY Archives do most of the teaching. After several excerpts, we will only have a bit more to add (isn’t that great?!)

The subject ...

Brief follow-up on our last lesson
Here is a brief follow-up on our last lesson (quoted from The Laws of Yom Tov by Rav Simcha Bunim Cohen (pp. 97-98):
(Ed. Please remember that lighting a new fire on Yom Tov is a Rabbinic prohibition. Therefore…) “In case of need, it is ...
Food preparation on Shabbos vs. on Yom Tov (part – 4 final)
MBY 510:1-11 Food preparation on Shabbos vs. on Yom Tov (part – 4 final)
6) Carrying: Is carrying food through a ‘reshus harabim’ (public domain – i.e. without an eruv) or transferring from one domain to another permissible on Yom Tov? Not only ...
Food preparation on Shabbos vs. on Yom Tov (part 3)
MBY 510:1-11 Food preparation on Shabbos vs. on Yom Tov (part 3)
4) Trimming leaves off vegetables and chopping them: Two of the melachos – ‘borer’/selecting and ‘tochain’/grinding - are permitted on Yom Tov under the general permit of ‘ochel ...
Food preparation on Shabbos vs. on Yom Tov (part 2)
MBY 510:1-11 Food preparation on Shabbos vs. on Yom Tov (part 2)

3) Making cheese: In a different world, people used to make their own cheese. Believe it or not, making cheese is forbidden on Shabbos based upon the melacha of ‘boneh’/building! ...

Food preparation on Shabbos vs. on Yom Tov (part 1)
MBY 510:1-11 Food preparation on Shabbos vs. on Yom Tov (part 1)

Intro: This is going to be a fun lesson! We will learn about activities which – while not entirely permissible on Yom Tov - may be done in a more permissive manner than on Shabbos. ...

Melachos for “Preliminaries” (‘machshirei ochel nefesh’ - abridged)
MBY 508:1-2 / 509:1-7 Melachos for “Preliminaries” (‘machshirei ochel nefesh’ - abridged)

Please read the following excerpt from “MBY Archives” from the beginning of Hilchos Yom Tov (MBY 495:1-4):
“2) Machshirei ochel nefesh (preparatory ...

MBY 507:1-7 Baking on Yom Tov (abridged)
First a PS for our last lesson:
Note: When one makes bread on Yom Tov, he may (and must) observe the laws of ‘hafrashas challah’ (separating challah from the dough.) The reason this is noteworthy is because the Sages prohibited other mitzvah ...
MBY 505 Milking an animal on Yom Tov (abridged)
MBY 505 Milking an animal on Yom Tov (abridged)

This topic is not relevant to most people, except those of you who live on a dairy farm. In fact, I did not see the Kitzur Shulchan Aruch or Rav Cohen’s sefer deal with it directly. Nevertheless, I ...

MBY 506:1-9 Kneading on Yom Tov (abridged)
MBY 506:1-9 Kneading on Yom Tov (abridged)

Intro: While the siman on kneading on Yom Tov is relatively long in the Shulchan Aruch (9 paragraphs), Rav S. B. Cohen summarized its halachos in just 1½ pages! We will follow the Rav’s lead and present ...

503:1-2 Preparing food on Yom Tov for the next day
Dedicated in memory of Raizel bas Mendel Skoble a”h, who served faithfully as a supervisor on her local board of Jewish education. May her memory be a blessing!

By her loving daughter, Yehudit Atkins

23 Adar 5773 / March 5, 2013

503:1-2 ...

MBY 504:1-4 Grinding spices and other things on Yom Tov (abridged)
MBY 504:1-4 Grinding spices and other things on Yom Tov (abridged)

Question: Is ‘tochain’/grinding one of the permissible melachos for food preparation on Yom Tov or not? Answer: That’s easy… if you have “MBY Archives”:

MBY 495:1-4 A General ...

MBY 502 Kindling a fire on Shabbos (abridged)
MBY 502 Kindling a fire on Shabbos (abridged)

This next siman contains a very important Yom Tov topic. As technology has changed greatly since the days of the Gemara and Shulchan Aruch, and not all of the scenarios apply to our modern times, I ...

MBY 501 Obtaining and chopping firewood on Yom Tov (abridged)
MBY 501 Obtaining and chopping firewood on Yom Tov (abridged)

Intro: This siman is very relevant for someone who cooks and heats his home with a wood stove and is always scrounging around for firewood. Many of the cases herein come right out of ...

MBY 500 Buying, giving gifts and measuring on Yom Tov (abridged)
Dedicated in memory of Sarah Sherwinter z"l, our beloved mother, grandmother and great-grandmother on her yahrzeit (30 Shvat 5773 / February 10)

By Jules, Carol, Davey, Danny, Karli, Kayla, Reuben and Sarit Sherwinter.

3 Adar 5773 / ...

MBY 498-499 Slaughtering and salting on Yom Tov (abridged – part 2)
Dedicated in memory of Sarah Sherwinter z"l, our beloved mother, grandmother and great-grandmother on her yahrzeit (30 Shvat 5773 / February 10)

By Jules, Carol, Davey, Danny, Karli, Kayla, Reuben and Sarit Sherwinter.

2 Adar 5773 / ...

MBY 497:16-17 Which foods are considered “prepared” (i.e. non-muktzah) for Yom Tov (Part 8 - final)
MBY 497:16-17 Which foods are considered “prepared” (i.e. non-muktzah) for Yom Tov (Part 8 - final)

Intro: The last two se’ifim (paragraphs) of this siman discuss issues related to ‘shechita’ (animal slaughter) on Yom Tov. While shechita itself ...

MBY 498-499 Slaughtering and Salting on Yom Tov (abridged – part 1)
Dedicated in memory of Sarah Sherwinter z"l, our beloved mother, grandmother and great-grandmother on her yahrzeit

By Jules, Carol, Davey, Danny, Karli, Kayla, Reuben and Sarit Sherwinter.

The yahrzeit date was: 30 Shvat 5773 / February ...

MBY 497:12-14 Which foods are considered “prepared” (i.e. non-muktzah) for Yom Tov (Part 7)
MBY 497:12-14 Which foods are considered “prepared” (i.e. non-muktzah) for Yom Tov (Part 7)

Intro: The next three se’ifim (paragraphs) in the Shulchan Aruch are fascinating for one who enjoys mathematical logic and permutations. The chances of ...

MBY 497:11 Which foods are considered “prepared” (i.e. non-muktzah) for Yom Tov (Part 6)
MBY 497:11 Which foods are considered “prepared” (i.e. non-muktzah) for Yom Tov (Part 6)

Question: Having learned the last lesson (please review it if you haven’t already), why can’t a person beat the system, by doing ‘zimun’ on ALL the birds, and ...

MBY 497:10 Which foods are considered “prepared” (i.e. non-muktzah) for Yom Tov (Part 5)
MBY 497:10 Which foods are considered “prepared” (i.e. non-muktzah) for Yom Tov (Part 5)
Question: What is the procedure for doing ‘zimun’ (explicit designation) before Yom Tov on animals that would otherwise be considered muktzah?
Answer: We ...
MBY 497:5 Which foods are considered “prepared” (i.e. non-muktzah) for Yom Tov (Part 3)
MBY 497:5 Which foods are considered “prepared” (i.e. non-muktzah) for Yom Tov (Part 3)

Ed.: Today I have come to drive you crazy with another trapping/muktzah “permutation”: How is it that fish can be considered already trapped before Yom Tov ...

MBY 497:6-9 Which foods are considered “prepared” (i.e. non-muktzah) for Yom Tov (Part 4)
MBY 497:6-9 Which foods are considered “prepared” (i.e. non-muktzah) for Yom Tov (Part 4)

Ed. Intro: We have learned in previous lessons in this siman that when an animal is inaccessible on Yom Tov due to forbidden trapping, there is an additional ...

MBY 497:5 Which foods are considered “prepared” (i.e. non-muktzah) for Yom Tov (Part 3)
MBY 497:5 Which foods are considered “prepared” (i.e. non-muktzah) for Yom Tov (Part 3)

Ed.: Today I have come to drive you crazy with another trapping/muktzah “permutation”: How is it that fish can be considered already trapped before Yom Tov ...

MBY 497:3-4 Which foods are considered “prepared” (i.e. non-muktzah) for Yom Tov (Part 2)
MBY 497:3-4 Which foods are considered “prepared” (i.e. non-muktzah) for Yom Tov (Part 2)

In our last lesson we learned that an un-trapped animal on Yom Tov is muktzah because since a person is not permitted to trap it, it is “not prepared” for ...

MBY 497:1-2 Which foods are considered “prepared” (i.e. non-muktzah) for Yom Tov (Part 1)
MBY 497:1-2 Which foods are considered “prepared” (i.e. non-muktzah) for Yom Tov (Part 1)

MBY 497:1-2 Which foods are considered “prepared” (i.e. non-muktzah) for Yom Tov (Part 1)
Intro: The title of this siman suggests that the issue at hand ...

MBY 496:1-3 The Second day of Yom Tov in the Diaspora (abridged)
MBY 496:1-3 The Second day of Yom Tov in the Diaspora (abridged)

Intro: For Jews living outside of Eretz Yisrael, Yom Tov means two days each. (Only Rosh Hashanah is two days everywhere.) The origins of the two-day Yom Tov is the subject of a ...

MBY 495:1-4 A General Introduction to Melacha on Yom Tov
MBY 495:1-4 A General Introduction to Melacha on Yom Tov

Intro: Having just completed the bulk of the halachos of Shabbos (b’ezras Hashem!), we are pretty familiar with the complexity of the Thirty-Nine Melachos, right? Not to mention the ...

MBY 344:1-2 If a person lost track of the day of Shabbos (abridged)
MBY 344:1-2 If a person lost track of the day of Shabbos (abridged) The following quote from the Gemara Shabbos (69b) [translation excerpted from Artscroll Schottenstein Edition] forms the basis for the final siman in Mishnah Berura Volume ...
MBY 343 A Child on Shabbos (abridged)
When reading this lesson, which is excerpted from a special volume of Halacha in English by Rabbi Simcha Bunim Cohen Shlit”a, please read slowly and distinguish the subtleties of three distinct principles, which are closely related. I have ...
MBY 342 Rabbinic ordinances during ‘bein hash’mashos’ (twilight - abridged)
MBY 342 Rabbinic ordinances during ‘bein hash’mashos’ (twilight - abridged) [Excerpted from The 39 Melachos by Rabbi D. Ribiat, Vol. I pp. 143-150]

The Torah ordained that the calendar date changes (for halachic purposes) at the onset of night. ...

MBY 341:1-3 The Annulment of Vows (Nedarim) on Shabbos (abridged)
MBY 341:1-3 The Annulment of Vows (Nedarim) on Shabbos (abridged) [Excerpted from The 39 Melachos by Rabbi D. Ribiat, Vol. I pp. 110-111]

Hachana (preparing for post-Shabbos needs). The Sages forbade any extra effort or preparation (even minor) ...

MBY 340:1-14 Several Common ‘Tolados’ (sub-categories) of the ‘Melachos’ (abridged – part 7 - final)
MBY 340:1-14 Several Common ‘Tolados’ (sub-categories) of the ‘Melachos’ (abridged – part 7 - final)

7) Actions related to ‘koraya’ (tearing) [Excerpted from The 39 Melachos by Rabbi D. Ribiat, Vol. III pp. 825-833]

Koraya in the Mishkan ...

MBY 340:1-14 Several Common ‘Tolados’ (sub-categories) of the ‘Melachos’ (abridged – part 6)
MBY 340:1-14 Several Common ‘Tolados’ (sub-categories) of the ‘Melachos’ (abridged – part 6)

6) Actions related to ‘me’amer’ (winnowing) [Excerpted from The 39 Melachos by Rabbi D. Ribiat, Vol. II pp. 305-313]

The definition of Me’amer. After ...

MBY 340:1-14 Several Common ‘Tolados’ (sub-categories) of the ‘Melachos’ (abridged – part 5)
MBY 340:1-14 Several Common ‘Tolados’ (sub-categories) of the ‘Melachos’ (abridged – part 5)

5) Actions related to ‘makeh b’patish’ (final hammer blow) [Excerpted from The 39 Melachos by Rabbi D. Ribiat, Vol. IV, pp.1111, 1131, 1133-5]

The ...

MBY 340:1-14 Several Common ‘Tolados’ (sub-categories) of the ‘Melachos’ (abridged – part 4)
MBY 340:1-14 Several Common ‘Tolados’ (sub-categories) of the ‘Melachos’ (abridged – part 4)
4) Actions related to ‘Tofair’ (sewing)
[Excerpted from The 39 Melachos by Rabbi D. Ribiat, Vol. III, pp. 811, 812, 814-817]

a) The scope of ...

MBY 340:1-14 Several Common ‘Tolados’ (sub-categories) of the ‘Melachos’ (abridged – part 3)
MBY 340:1-14 3) Actions related to ‘Kosaiv’ (writing) [Excerpted from The 39 Melachos by Rabbi D. Ribiat, Vol. IV, pp. 945, 947, 961]

Forming any kind of letter, symbol, picture or design that conveys a particular meaning or represents an idea (in ...

MBY 340:1-14 Several Common ‘Tolados’ (sub-categories) of the ‘Melachos’ (abridged – part 1)
1) Pulling hair, fingernails, and warts (Related to “Gozez - shearing”) [Excerpted from The 39 Melachos by Rabbi D. Ribiat, Vol. III, pp. 673-681]

a) Cutting hair (even just a single one) from a human or animal with a hair-cutting instrument such ...

MBY 340:1-14 Several Common ‘Tolados’ (sub-categories) of the ‘Melachos’ (abridged – part 2)
2) Actions related to ‘Mochaik’ (erasing) [Excerpted from The 39 Melachos by Rabbi D. Ribiat, Vol. IV, pp. 986-989]

a) Introduction to ‘Mochaik’ (erasing). The melacha of mochaik may be defined as the cleaning of any surface to render it ...

MBY 339:1-7 Several Rabbinical Prohibitions on Shabbos (abridged)
MBY 339:1-7

(Excerpted from MBY Archives, The 39 Melachos, by Rabbi Ribiat (Vol. IV) and Mishnah Torah by Rambam (Laws of Shabbos, Chap. 23)

1) No riding an animal (Excerpted from MBY 305:18-20 Allowing one’s animal to rest - part ...

MBY 338:1-8 Prohibitions against musical instruments and noisemaking (abridged)
MBY 338:1-8 Excerpted (mostly) from The 39 Melachos, by Rabbi Ribiat, Vol. IV, pp. 1159-1162.
The following topics are covered in this lesson:
1. Playing an instrument. It is prohibited to play musical instruments (Heb. ‘klei shir’) on ...
MBY 337:1-4 Sweeping the house (abridged)
The concept of ‘Davar sh’aino miskavein’ (possible consequence) and ‘p’sik reisha’ (inevitable consequence Suppose you lived at a time when homes had dirt floors. Would it be permissible to sweep the floor on Shabbos? (Hint: One of the 39 ...
MBY 332:1-4 Laws relating to birthing and healing animals on Shabbos (abridged)
MBY 332:1-4 Laws relating to birthing and healing animals on Shabbos (abridged)
[Based heavily upon Kitzur Shulchan Aruch: 87:22-24, “Metsudah” edition, with notes, translated and annotated by Rabbi Avrohom Davis] 22) You must not deliver an ...
MBY 333:1-3 Clearing a room on Shabbos (and matters related to ‘tircha’/strain – abridged)
[Excerpted from The 39 Melachos, by Rabbi D. Ribiat, Vol. I, pp. 106-110]

Toil and excessive strain on Shabbos (“tircha”)
A restriction against excessive physical strain is implied in the words of the Navi (Yeshaya 58): “… And you shall honor ...

MBY 334:1-27 Laws relating to a fire that breaks out on Shabbos (abridged – part 1)
[Based heavily upon Kitzur Shulchan Aruch: 85:1-10, “Metsudah” edition, with notes, translated and annotated by Rabbi Avrohom Davis]
1. If, heaven forbid, a fire breaks out on Shabbos, our Sages were concerned that the head of the household and ...
MBY 334:1-27 Laws relating to a fire that breaks out on Shabbos (abridged – part 2)
[Based heavily upon Kitzur Shulchan Aruch: 85:1-10, “Metsudah” edition, with notes, translated and annotated by Rabbi Avrohom Davis]
4. The houses where there is no fire, but are near the fire and the owners are afraid that the fire will also ...
MBY 334:1-27 Laws relating to a fire that breaks out on Shabbos (abridged – part 3 - final)
[Based heavily upon Kitzur Shulchan Aruch: 85:1-8, “Metsudah” edition, with notes, translated and annotated by Rabbi Avrohom Davis]
5. All sacred books, whether they be handwritten or printed, may be rescued from a fire, a flood, and the like, ...
MBY 335:1-5 Laws relating to a barrel of wine or oil that breaks (abridged)
The previous siman dealt with a fire that broke out on Shabbos, and the fear that the Sages had that the homeowner may forget himself and commit prohibited acts in order to save his possessions. In this siman, the Shulchan Aruch deals with a ...
MBY 336:1-3 Laws relating to using a tree on Shabbos etc. (abridged – part 1)
The next siman deals with issues pertaining to one of the first of the 39 melachos: ‘kotzair’ (harvesting). Its first three paragraphs discuss the Rabbinic decree which prohibits climbing and using a tree, out of fear that one may forget that it is ...
MBY 336:4-12 Laws related to ‘zorea’/sowing and ‘kotzair’/harvesting (abridged)
[Based heavily upon Kitzur Shulchan Aruch:
80:28,61, “Metsudah” edition, with notes, translated and annotated by Rabbi Avrohom Davis]
28) Anyone who spills liquid on soil where something grows is guilty of violating the law against sowing ...
MBY 324:1-15 Laws relating to feeding animals on Shabbos (abridged)
MBY 324:1-15 [Based heavily upon Kitzur Shulchan Aruch: 87:11-18, “Metsudah” edition, with notes, translated and annotated by Rabbi Avrohom Davis]
11) A person may not measure out barley, using a measuring cup, to feed his animal; rather, he ...
MBY 302:1-13 Laws relating to cleaning and folding clothes (Part 2 – abridged)
MBY 302:1-13 [Based heavily upon Kitzur Shulchan Aruch: 80:93, 84 “Metsudah” edition, with notes, translated and annotated by Rabbi Avrohom Davis]
93) You may not make your bed on Shabbos for use after Shabbos. Even if there is still time left ...
Knots and loops (part 3 abridged - final)
MBY 317:1-7 Excerpted from Kitzur Shulchan Aruch: 80:45-46, (“Metsudah” edition, with notes, translated and annotated by Rabbi Avrohom Davis)
45) Usually when we want to tie something with two strings or ropes, or when we wind around a string or ...
Knots and loops (part 1 - abridged)
MBY 317:1-7 For this abridged presentation of Siman 317, we will begin with some notes I had in my files but never sent out in an MBY email. Following these notes, we will excerpt from Kitzur Shulchan Aruch: 80:45-46, (“Metsudah” edition, with ...
Knots and loops (part 2 - abridged - final)
MBY 317:1-7

MBY 317:1-7 Knots and loops (abridged – part 2 - final)
Please review our last lesson before reading this one…
The Shulchan Aruch (Rav Yosef Karo, the ‘Mechaber’) rules in accordance with the Rambam and Ri”f’ interpretation – ...

Forbidden and Permissible Trapping (abridged)
MBY 316:1-12

The siman on ‘tzida’ (trapping) is rather long and complex. We will stick to our abridged approach and hopefully cover the most commonly relevant halachos.

MBY 316:1-12 Forbidden and Permissible Trapping (abridged) [Based ...

Making an ‘ohel’ (tent) on Shabbos (siman summary - final)
MBY 315 Making an ‘ohel’ (tent) on Shabbos (siman summary - final)
Ed. Before leaving this siman, I would like to attempt (be”H) a brief summary lesson to clarify and simplify some of the major points of ‘boneh’ and ‘ohel’. We will not include ...
Making an ‘ohel’ (tent) on Shabbos (abridged)
MBY 315:6-13 [Based heavily upon Kitzur Shulchan Aruch: 80:77-82, “Metsudah” edition, with notes, translated and annotated by Rabbi Avrohom Davis]
77) An ‘ohel’ (tent, i.e. a roof that shelters) – even if it is made only to shield from the sun or ...
Laws relating to doors, windows and locks on Shabbos (Part 1 - abridged)
MBY 313:1-5 [Based heavily upon Kitzur Shulchan Aruch: 80:67-72, “Metsudah” edition, with notes, translated and annotated by Rabbi Avrohom Davis]

Intro: Our first topic is the closing of an opening in a wall with a makeshift “door”, as to whether ...

Laws relating to doors, windows and locks on Shabbos (Part 2 - abridged – final)
MBY 313:6-10 [Based heavily upon Kitzur Shulchan Aruch: 80:83, “Metsudah” edition, with notes, translated and annotated by Rabbi Avrohom Davis]

Ed: This halacha seems to be slightly tangential to the title of the siman, dealing instead with the ...

Laws relating to doors, windows and locks on Shabbos (Part 2 - abridged)
MBY 313:1-5 [Based heavily upon Kitzur Shulchan Aruch: 80:67-72, “Metsudah” edition, with notes, translated and annotated by Rabbi Avrohom Davis]
70) A door-like plank made of one piece may not be used to close a doorway that is not used for ...
Laws relating to cleaning and folding clothes (Part 3 – abridged - final)
MBY 302:1-13 [Based heavily upon Kitzur Shulchan Aruch: 80:32-41, “Metsudah” edition, with notes, translated and annotated by Rabbi Avrohom Davis]

40) Wiping off mud from feet or shoes. Moist mud that is on your foot or shoe may generally be ...

The Torah’s commands to rest one’s avadim/slaves (abridged)
MBY 304 From the Mishnah Berura’s introduction to this siman:
1) Devarim (5:14) states: “… so that your eved and your amah may rest like you.” – This pasuk refers to an eved (i.e. male slave; amah refers to a female slave) who had himself ...
Laws relating to cleaning and folding clothes (Part 1 – abridged)
MBY 302:3 Have you ever seen people who do not fold their talis on Shabbos or they fold it in an unusual manner? Paragraph 3 of this siman is the source for these practices. The prohibition against folding clothing belongs to the ‘tikun maneh’ ...
The Principles of Tachshit (ornaments) (abridged)
MBY Siman 303 The literal definition of tachshit is ornament. However, in the context of Hotza’a (i.e. carrying), tachshit refers to any accessory on a person’s body, whether ornamental or otherwise. A tachshit is any ornament or accessory ...
Laws relating to cleaning and folding clothes (Part 2 – abridged)
MBY 302:1-13 [Based heavily upon Kitzur Shulchan Aruch: 80:32-41, “Metsudah” edition, with notes, translated and annotated by Rabbi Avrohom Davis]

[Ed: The halachic issues involving cleaning stains from garments on Shabbos are complex, and one ...

Laws relating to cleaning and folding clothes (part 1 - abridged)
MBY 302:1-13 - [Based heavily upon Kitzur Shulchan Aruch: 80:32-41, “Metsudah” edition, with notes, translated and annotated by Rabbi Avrohom Davis]

(Ed’s intro: Keep in mind that there are two primary concerns with a getting a cloth wet:
1) ...

The melacha of hotza’ah (carrying) (part 6.5 – abridged)
This next application may not be common today, but you never know!
MBY 301:24-28 [Based heavily upon Kitzur Shulchan Aruch: 84:19, “Metsudah” edition, with notes, translated and annotated by Rabbi Avrohom Davis] One who wears an amulet (Heb. ...
The melacha of hotza’ah (carrying) (part 8.5 – abridged)
MBY 301:34-35 [Based heavily upon Kitzur Shulchan Aruch: 84:14, “Metsudah” edition, with notes, translated and annotated by Rabbi Avrohom Davis]
Regarding a handkerchief, it is customary to wrap it around the waist of the trousers. One should be ...
Remaining Halachos of Seuda (eating a meal – abridged-part 4)
MBY 169:1-3, 170:1-22, 171:1-5 (abridged) – part 4 [Quoted from Kitzur Shulchan Aruch: 42:1-18 – Laws Pertaining to the Meal. Translation relies heavily on the “Metsudah” edition, by Rabbi Avrohom Davis]

Ed: The following halachos relates to the ...

Remaining Halachos of Seuda (eating a meal – abridged – part 5 final)
MBY 169:1-3, 170:1-22, 171:1-5 (abridged) – part 5 - Final [Quoted from Kitzur Shulchan Aruch: 42:1-18 – Laws Pertaining to the Meal. Translation relies heavily on the “Metsudah” edition, by Rabbi Avrohom Davis]

12) When you drink water, you ...

Remaining Halachos of Brachos (abridged)
MBY 172:1-2 Remaining Halachos of Brachos (abridged) – [Quoted from Kitzur Shulchan Aruch: 50:10 – Laws Pertaining to the Meal. Translation relies heavily on the “Metsudah” edition, by Rabbi Avrohom Davis]

What to do if you put something into ...

Hand-washing during the meal (abridged)
MBY 173:1-3 Ed: I searched for the equivalent of this siman in the Kitzur Shulchan Aruch, but I could not find any reference to it. The topic is one I honestly knew nothing about, but it could be the source of a well-known practice that I have ...
The halachos of Tzitzis and its wrapping (part 1)
MBY 8:1-6 The first instruction we are given regarding the halachos of tzitzis is to always make the bracha and don the talis (both gadol–large and katan-small) while standing! Standing for the bracha is standard procedure for all brachos over ...
The halachos of Tzitzis and its wrapping (part 2)
MBY 8:7-12 Do not make a bracha on a talis katan unless you are sure that it has the right dimensions. We will learn more about the dimensions in a later siman. Briefly, the material of the garment must be a minimum of ¾ amah (cubit) long in front ...
The halachos of Tzitzis and its wrapping (part 3)
MBY 8:13-15 Multiple taleisim
In our previous lesson, we began a discussion about donning two taleisim in close proximity of one another. The common application of this halacha is when one dons his talis katan at home and soon afterward, his ...
The halachos of Tzitzis and its wrapping (part 4)
MBY 8:16-17 Question: If a person wore his talis katan the entire night long (sleeping or awake), should he make another bracha in the morning?
Answer: That is the famous Shavuos question! After learning the entire night, everyone wonders ...
Tzitzis: Garment materials (part 1)
MBY 9:1-2 Question: Which materials obligate a garment in the mitzvah of tzitzis?
Answer: First of all, every type of material is obligated. The question is only whether the obligation is from the Torah or from the rabbis. There are two ...
Tzitzis: Garment materials (part 2)
MBY 9:3-6 We learned that tzitzis strings made of wool satisfy the mitzvah for a garment of any material (except linen), while strings made of other materials satisfy only for garments made of that same material (e.g. silk strings for a silk ...
Tzitzis: The Corners (part 1)
MBY 10:1-5 Question: Are only four-cornered garments obligated in tzitzis?
Answer: Sort of. Three-cornered garments are not obligated. Five- or more-cornered garments are obligated, but one may only put four fringes on them, and the fringes ...
Tzitzis: The Corners (part 2)
MBY 10:6-10 Question: If a large sheet-like garment is folded in half and worn over the body, where would the tzitzis need to be placed – in the “middle” of the large garment, which are presently the “new corners” of the folded garment, or on the ...
Tzitzis: The Corners (part 3)
MBY 10:11-12 Yesterday we learned that a four-cornered head-dress is not obligated in tzitzis, because it does not qualify as “your garment”, which implies a garment whose primary purpose is to cover the torso. In a similar vein, there commonly ...
Tzitzis: The Strings (part 1)
MBY 11:1-2 “For G-d’s sake!”
The Torah states: “Gedilim ta’aseh lach…’ - (“Tzitzis-fringes shall you make for yourself”) The rabbis expound from this verse that, in addition to the ‘kavana’ (intent) that one must have when wearing the tzitzis ...
Tzitzis: The Strings (part 2)
MBY 11:3-5 In our previous lesson, we introduced the term ‘shezira’ (twisting), as a requirement that the spun one-ply thread must be twisted and at least doubled to form a two-ply thread. The halacha teaches that this requirement is crucial to the ...
Tzitzis: The Strings (part 3)
MBY 11:6-9 Our first two topics today will hopefully never apply, so we will mention them just briefly:
1) Stolen wool or tzitzis strings. These should not be used for the mitzvah, as the Sages inferred from the pasuk, “And they shall make for ...
Tzitzis: The Strings (part 4)
MBY 11:10-15 In our last lesson, we were given the range of placement of the hole through which the strings are threaded into the garment. It was more than a half-thumb’s length and less than three- fingers-width from both the side and bottom ...
Tzitzis: Factors which invalidate the strings
MBY 12:1-3 We have learned that each tzitzis-fringe has four double-strings, which equal eight singles. We have also learned that each fringe must measure at least twelve thumb-breadths, four of which are occupied by the ‘g’dil’, or the braided ...
Tzitzis: Special considerations for Shabbos
MBY 13:1-3 Did you know that if your tzitzis are not kosher and you walk outside of an eruv on Shabbos, you are violating Shabbos?

“Why?” you ask. “I am wearing a garment; that’s not carrying!”

Your garment is not the problem. The problem is ...

Tzitzis: A non-Jew or woman; a borrowed talis
MBY 14:1-5 Here are a few brief “bullets”:
● Although we learned that a non-Jew could be used, as a last resort, to make the tzitzis strings - since he can be instructed to make them for the sake of the mitzvah - he may definitely not tie ...
Tzitzis: Moving fringes from one garment to another; fixing a torn talis (abridged)
MBY 15:1-6 One should generally never remove a kosher tzitzis fringe from the kosher talis of a living person, out of respect for the mitzvah, unless his purpose in doing so is to use that fringe on a different garment. (Ed: We will learn about the ...
The size of a garment that is obligated in ‘tzitzis’
MBY 16 Question: How big must a garment be in order for the obligation to affix ‘tzitzis’ to apply? Another way to ask the question is: when I go to the Jewish gift shop to buy a pair of ‘tzitzis’ (i.e. a ‘talis katan’) for myself, what size should ...
Who is obligated in the mitzvah of ‘tzitzis’?
MBY 17:1-3 Regarding the mitzvah of tzitzis, the Torah states (Bamidbar 15:39 ), ‘…ur’isem oso, uz’chartem…’ (“…that you may see it and remember…”) Question: What is implied by the phrase “you may see”: Is it that one who cannot see (i.e. a blind ...
When is one obligated in the mitzvah of ‘tzitzis’? (part 1)
MBY 18:1-2 In our last lesson, we quoted a pasuk - (Bamidbar 15:39 ), ‘…ur’isem oso, uz’chartem…’ (“…that you may see it and remember…”) – from which we derive that the mitzvah of tzitzis does not apply at night, when it is too dark to see. In a ...
When is one obligated in the mitzvah of ‘tzitzis’? (part 2 - final)
MBY 18:3 In our last lesson, we learned that the mitzvah of tzitzis - and hence our ability to make the bracha over the mitzvah – is only in the daytime.

Question: When does “day” start, in this regard?
Answer: In this halachic application, ...

Making the bracha on the mitzvah of ‘tzitzis’?
MBY 19:1-2 Question: What exactly is the mitzvah of tzitzis? Is the mitzvah performed at the moment that one ties the tzitzis onto the garment, as the pasuk states (Bamidbar 15:37), ”…that they shall make themselves tzitzis on the corners of their ...
Buying and selling tzitzis
MBY 20:1-2 Question: Who can one trust with the kashrus (i.e. halachic validity) of a talis and tzitzis?

(Note: This is a major question - as are all matters of food and mitzvah articles – and it should not be taken lightly. In particular, ...

Shehecheyanu on a talis?
MBY 22 Question: Is there an obligation to make the bracha Shehecheyanu when one puts on a new talis?
Answer: Perhaps, but let’s pause to briefly orient ourselves to this bracha - when it does and does not apply. The following are four criteria ...
Wearing tzitzis in a cemetery
MBY 23:1-3 Many people who wear tzitzis - especially those who wear them hanging outside of their pants(!) - are familiar with the custom of tucking them in when one attends a funeral (R”L) or visits a cemetery. This custom is based upon a concept ...
The great reward for the mitzvah of tzitzis
MBY 24:1-6 While there is technically no obligation to tie tzitzis if one does not wear a 4-cornered garment, it is well-known that Jews have always made it a point to create that obligation by obtaining and wearing a ‘talis katan’ throughout the ...
The Bracha ‘Hatov v’HaMeitiv’ (part 2 - abridged final)
MBY 175: 1-6 [Quoted from Kitzur Shulchan Aruch: 49:8-14 – Laws Pertaining to the Bracha over Wine. Translation relies heavily on the “Metsudah” edition, by Rabbi Avrohom Davis]

With this lesson, we complete the halachos of ‘HaTov v’HaMeitiv’ ...

Baked goods eaten during the meal (abridged)
MBY 176 [Quoted from Kitzur Shulchan Aruch: 43:6 – Laws Pertaining to the Brachos over special courses during the meal.]

Regarding baked goods, such as cakes, tortes, mandel bread etc., if one eats them during a meal (i.e. over which he washed and ...

Covering the knives before Birkas Hamazon (abridged)
MBY 180:5 [Quoted from Kitzur Shulchan Aruch: 44:4 – Laws Concerning the Washing of Hands After a Meal. Translation relies heavily on the “Metsudah” edition, by Rabbi Avrohom Davis]
Ed. Here is a fascinating ‘minhag’ (custom), which I have seen ...
Vessels placed under Shabbos lamps (abridged)
MBY 265:1-4 [Based heavily upon Kitzur Shulchan Aruch: 75:11 – The Laws of Candlelighting, “Metsudah” edition, translated by Rabbi Avrohom Davis]

In this short siman, two rather complex issues are introduced, regarding the use of oil lamps on ...

Laws of Kiddush (abridged)
MBY 272:1-8 (abridged) Laws of Kiddush (part 9) [Based heavily upon Kitzur Shulchan Aruch: 77:3 – The Laws of Kiddush, “Metsudah” edition, with notes, translated and annotated by Rabbi Avrohom Davis]

From the Kitzur Shulchan Aruch:

“It is a ...

300 Remaining Halachos pertaining to Havdalah (part 1 - abridged)
MBY 299:2-10 - based heavily upon Kitzur Shulchan Aruch: 96:5-6, 12-15 – The Laws Concerning Maariv and Havdalah, “Metsudah” edition, with notes, translated and annotated by Rabbi Avrohom Davis]

5) Similarly, one may do no melacha (i.e. acts ...

300 Remaining Halachos pertaining to Havdalah (part 2 - abridged)
MBY 299:2-10 - [Based heavily upon Kitzur Shulchan Aruch: 96:5-6, 12-15 – The Laws Concerning Maariv and Havdalah, “Metsudah” edition, with notes, translated and annotated by Rabbi Avrohom Davis]

6) If one prolongs the Maariv prayer at the end of ...

300 Remaining Halachos pertaining to Havdalah (part 3 - abridged)
MBY 299:2-10 - [Based heavily upon Kitzur Shulchan Aruch: 96:5-6, 12-15 – The Laws Concerning Maariv and Havdalah, “Metsudah” edition, with notes, translated and annotated by Rabbi Avrohom Davis]

13) If possible, one should fulfill the mitzvah of ...

Walking on Shabbos (abridged)
MBY 301:1-6 [Based heavily upon Kitzur Shulchan Aruch: 80:36-37, “Metsudah” edition, with notes, translated and annotated by Rabbi Avrohom Davis]

As a prelude to the major topic of carrying vs. wearing clothing on Shabbos, the halacha touches upon ...

The Seudas Purim (the Purim feast) and Mishloach Manos (food for friends)
MBY 695:1-4 What should the Purim day schedule look like? 1) After davening shacharis with the appropriate additions (see above siman 693), one is obligated to hear the Megilah again. Although the earlier the better (i.e. preferably after ...
The melacha of hotza’ah (carrying) (part 2.5 – abridged)
MBY 301:8-10 [Based heavily upon Kitzur Shulchan Aruch: 84:2, “Metsudah” edition, with notes, translated and annotated by Rabbi Avrohom Davis]
Especially, a man should be careful not to go out with a ring on which there is no engraved seal, and ...
The melacha of hotza’ah (carrying) (part 3.5 – abridged)
MBY 301:12 [Based heavily upon Kitzur Shulchan Aruch: 84:1, “Metsudah” edition, with notes, translated and annotated by Rabbi Avrohom Davis]

Regarding any article that is neither a garment nor an ornament, one is forbidden to walk out with it into ...

The melacha of hotza’ah (carrying) (part 5.5 – abridged)
MBY 301:19-22 [Based heavily upon Kitzur Shulchan Aruch: 84:6-9, “Metsudah” edition, with notes, translated and annotated by Rabbi Avrohom Davis]
6) A person who is shackled in chains may walk out with them on Shabbos.
7) One may not walk out ...
The Bracha ‘Hatov v’HaMeitiv’ (part 1 - abridged)
MBY 175: 1-6 [Quoted from Kitzur Shulchan Aruch: 49:8-14 – Laws Pertaining to the Bracha over Wine. Translation relies heavily on the “Metsudah” edition, by Rabbi Avrohom Davis]

8) If a group was drinking one kind of wine, whether during the meal ...

Halachos of Waking up in the morning (part 1)
MBY 1:1 What kind of halachos are there about waking up? Here are several:

1) Wake up like a lion – with a start and ready to stand up and serve Hashem by doing His will – after all, that is why we were created!

2) Wake up the morning; don’t ...

Halachos of waking up in the morning (part 2)
MBY 1:2-4 Speaking of waking up in the morning, the Shulchan Aruch discusses next the ancient practice of waking up in the middle of the night to recite special prayers called ‘tikun chatzos’ (lit. the rectification of mid-night). The theme of ...
Halachos of waking up in the morning (part 3)
MBY 1:5-9 For this lesson, you will need an English Artscroll Siddur. We will attempt to familiarize ourselves with certain pages and sections which are omitted in a standard minyan. The reason they are printed in the Siddur is because of what is ...
Halachos of getting dressed (part I)
MBY 2:1-2 If you thought it strange that there are halachos of waking up, wait till you learn the halachos of getting dressed…
The first subject addressed in this siman is the notion of ‘tznius’ (modesty) before Hashem. Now, on one hand, Hashem ...
Halachos of using the bathroom (abridged)
MBY 3:1-17 In this lesson, we will learn the most relevant halachos and principles in this siman. Some of the points seem practical, more than halachic. I guess this reinforces the idea that halacha is not simply a set of “rules”; it is a ...
Halachos of washing the hands in the morning (part I)
MBY 4:1a In this very brief introductory lesson, we would like to clarify something that some people may be unaware of. Most of us are familiar of with the concept of ‘negel vasser’ (Ed. I can’t even translate it literally, but it refers to the ...
Halachos of washing the hands in the morning (part II)
MBY 4:1b In our introductory lesson to this siman, we learned that there are three reasons that we must wash our hands in the morning:
1) To remove the ‘ruach ra’ah’ (evil spirit) which rests on our hands when we sleep (a.k.a. ‘negel vasser’). ...
Halachos of washing the hands in the morning (part III)
MBY 4:2-23 In truth, to fully encompass the topic of hand-washing (and I am not even touching the hand-washing before a meal), we must back up again and identify actually three different reasons for hand-washing. For this summary, I was aided in ...
Birchos Hashachar - morning brachos (part I)
MBY 5 Before learning about brachos, the Shulchan Aruch wants us to know a little about the meaning of a brachah, and in particular, the meaning of the various names of Hashem. Indeed, the most important aspect of ‘kavanah’ (intent) of any bracha ...
Birchos Hashachar - morning brachos (part II)
MBY 6:1 Speaking of the meaning of the brachos, let us examine today the amazing bracha we recite after performing our bodily functions – known as ‘Asher Yatzar’ (translation taken from the Artscroll Siddur, p. 15):

“Blessed… Who fashioned man ...

Birchos Hashachar - morning brachos (part III)
MBY 6:2-4 The ‘birchos hashachar’ consist of four preliminary brachos – ‘al netilas yadayim’ (over the morning hand-washing), ‘asher yatzar’ (over our bodily functions), ‘birchos haTorah’ (over Torah study) and ‘Elokai, neshama’ (restoration of the ...
Birchos Hashachar - morning brachos (part IV)
MBY 7:1-4 This lesson is entitled: “Everything you ever wanted to know about making the bracha ‘asher yatzar’ after using the bathroom, but were afraid to ask!”

Q: How many times a day does one make this bracha?
A: However many times he uses ...

Birchos Hashachar - morning brachos (part V)
MBY 46:1-2 Ed: Please note that that we have just moved from siman 7 to siman 46, and yet we are still on the same topic – Birchos Hashachar! How can that be? Because the Shulchan Aruch interrupts the halachos of brachos to instruct us on the ...
Birchos Hashachar - morning brachos (part VI)
MBY 46:3 Have you ever considered how many brachos one makes altogether during the course of a day?
This is not merely fun trivia. The Shulchan Aruch writes that a Jew is obligated to make one hundred brachos a day! This practice originated as ...
Birchos Hashachar - morning brachos (part VII)
MBY 46:4-8 There are a few of the Birchos Hashachar litany that were not listed in part 5 of this siman. The reason they were not mentioned with the others is because they have “issues” (or at least potential issues), as we will discuss ...
Birchos Hashachar - morning brachos (part VIII)
MBY 46:9 There are just two small points we need in order to finish this siman and topic:
1) Reciting pesukim as tefila before Birchos HaTorah. The one group of morning brachos we have not yet discussed much is the Birchos HaTorah (i.e. the ...
Specific Laws of Tefillin part I
MBY 25:1-4 Specific Laws of Tefillin (part 1)
‘Talis and Tefillin’
People tend to think of ‘Talis and Tefillin’ as a “set”! While they are, in fact, two distinct mitzvos, they are both typically worn during the morning tefila. ...
Specific Laws of Tefillin part II
MBY 25:5-10 Question: What ‘kavana’ (thoughts or intentions) should one have when donning the tefillin?
Answer: There are two different ‘kavanos’ one should have - one general and the other specific.
The general: the fulfillment of a Torah ...
Specific Laws of Tefillin part II continued
MBY 25:5-10 Question: How many brachos are made over the tefillin – one for the ‘tefillin shel yad’ (hand) and one for the ‘tefillin shel rosh’ (head), or just one bracha for both?
Answer: That really depends on whether you are of the Ashkenazic ...
Specific Laws of Tefillin part III
MBY 25:11-12 Question: We have learned that the donning of the ‘shel rosh’ should follow closely after the donning of the ‘shel yad’. How does the winding of the ‘retzua’ (strap) around the arm figure into that – i.e. after how many winds around ...
Specific Laws of the Tefillin part IV
MBY 25:13 Question: We learned above that it is most important to wear the tefillin during the Shema section and the Shemoneh Esrei. Suppose a person is able to wear them throughout most of the service, but for one reason or another, he must take ...
The Positioning of the Tefillin part I
MBY 27:1-4 In this siman, we will learn many “cardinal rules” about the proper positioning of the ‘batim’ (tefillin boxes) and ‘retzuos’ (straps) of the tefillin ‘shel yad’ and ‘shel rosh’. I say “cardinal” because it is completely possible that a ...
The positioning of the Tefillin part II
MBY 27:5-8 In the previous lesson, we learned that a “lefty” puts tefillin on his right arm rather than on his left arm. The halacha states that an ambidextrous person puts the tefiilin on his left arm, like a “righty”. Sound simple? Not so fast ...
The Positioning of the Tefillin part III
MBY 27:9-11 Now we get to one of the “weak spots” of the mitzvah of wearing tefillin: the proper placement of the ‘bayis’ of the ‘shel rosh’. Unfortunately. many people are either unaware, or less than vigilant about the “lower boundary” prescribed ...
Taking Off the Tefillin
MBY 28:1-2 Last week we learned that it is recommended for a person to periodically check the position of his tefillin – particularly the ‘shel rosh’ – because it tends to shift downward or to the sides, which are “out of bounds” in terms of the ...
Taking off the Tefillin continued
MBY 29 A bracha for taking off the tefillin?
Have you ever heard of a bracha that is recited when the tefillin are removed?

If you said no, that’s good, because our practice is not to say one. However, the question is not so far-fetched. ...

The Time for Tefillin
MBY 30:1-5 Yesterday, we learned the following: “Actually, according to the Torah, we could wear our tefillin all day and all night! The reason we do not wear our tefillin at night is because the rabbis decreed that we must not.” (See reason ...
Tefillin on Shabbos and Yom Tov
MBY 31:1 Almost everyone knows that we do not wear tefillin on Shabbos and Yom Tov. The question is: why not? The complete answer to this question is surprisingly complex, which is why I want to learn it with you. In the process, we will also ...
Tefillin on Shabbos and Yom Tov continued
MBY 31:2 Any one who wears tefillin is bound (n.p.i.) to ask (or be asked): “Do I/you wear tefillin on Chol Hamoed (the intermediary days of Pesach and Sukkos)? And it is amazing how there is such a split response to this question. There doesn’t ...
Misc. Halachos of Tefillin
Some of the remaining holes we have in Mishna Berura Volume 1 pertain to the halachos of Tefillin (and that’s notwithstanding the many lessons we had in it!) For the most part, these halachos are relevant to the scribe, not the average “consumer”. ...
The Tefillin Batim (boxes) Intro and part I
MBY 32:37 Intro: In the next series of halachos, we will learn about subjects that most people never learn about – the making of tefillin. You might say that the reason most people don’t learn about it is because they don’t make them; experts do! ...
The Tefillin Batim (boxes) part II
MBY 32:38 If you’ve ever examined the ‘batim’ of a ‘shel yad’ and a ‘shel rosh’ closely, you have probably noticed a big difference between them. The ‘bayis’ (sing. for ‘batim’) of the ‘shel yad’ is smooth, while the ‘bayis’ of the ‘shel rosh’ has ...
The Tefillin Batim (boxes) part III
MBY 32:39 The next qualification of the ‘batim’ – both the ‘shel rosh’ and ‘shel yad’ – is ‘ribua’ (square-ness). What needs to be square? Look (or imagine) a ‘bayis’: It has a large cube sitting atop a square base, which is larger than the cube. ...
The Tefillin Bstim (boxes) part IV
MBY 32:40 The following are some features of the ‘batim’ of the tefillin, which are halachically desirable, but not crucial:
1) Blackness of the ‘batim’: While we are always careful to paint the ‘batim’ black, and to touch them up when the color ...
The Tefillin Batim (boxes) part V
MBY 32:41-42 Question: What are the minimum dimensions required for the ‘batim’?
Answer: Two fingers-width for both length and width of the ‘bayis’ (and that includes the larger square at the base of the ‘bayis’ – called the ‘titura’!) [Ed: ...
The Tefillin Batim (boxes) part VI
MBY 32:43-47 Here is a list of several additional “bullet points” concerning the ‘batim’:
▪ The ‘titura’ (larger square which is the base of the ‘bayis’) may be made of a separate piece of leather than the main cube; however, it is ...
The Tefillin Batim (boxes) part VII
MBY 32:48-52 A few more “bullets” to complete the siman: ▪ Although we learned that the ‘batim’ should preferably not be coated by anything other than paint, it would be kosher if a thicker layer was plated over it, provided that it was made ...
Fixing Tefillin / Retzuos (straps) part I
MBY 33:1 We have learned that the ‘bayis shel rosh’ is made up of four compartments which are one – i.e. either made originally from the same leather, or fused together somehow. If there is a hole or a tear or two in the leather of the ...
Fixing Tefillin / Retzuos (straps) part II
MBY 33:2-4 Torn stitching
If some of the stitching around the base of the ‘titura’ (i.e. the large square under the cubed ‘bayis’) tears, the tefillin must be fixed, particularly if three or more stitches tear. In the event that no other ...
Fixing Tefillin / Retzuos (straps) part III
MBY 33:5 Torn ‘retzuos’
Question: If the ‘retzuos’ of the tefillin ‘shel rosh’ or ‘shel yad’ tear, can they be repaired (i.e. sewn) or must they be replaced?
Short Answer: It depends on two factors: 1) at what point along the length of the ...
Tefillin of Rashi and Rabbeinu Tam
MBY 34:1-4 For this siman, we will present a synopsis of the halachic background behind the curious practice of some Jews who wear two different pairs of tefillin.

As we have learned, each ‘bayis’ of tefillin contains four ‘parshiyos’ (paragraphs) ...

A Listing of more Tefillin topics for the scribe
MBY 35
1) The number of lines of text in the Tefillin parchments

MBY 36
1) Precision in the writing of the letters
2) Parts of letters that must touch
3) Adding the crowns (Heb, ‘tagin’) to certain letters

At this point, the ...

Who is obligated, and who is excused from the mitzvah of tefillin (part I)
MBY 38:1-4 In our last lesson, we learned that a necessary condition for the wearing of tefillin is a clean mind and body. We all know that sometimes maintaining a clean body is beyond a person’s control, such as one who has stomach or intestinal ...
Who is obligated and who is excused from the mitzvah of tefillin (part II)
MBY 38:5-7 Question: Does a mourner wear tefillin?
Answer: When a person dies (r”l = ‘rachmana litz’lan’ – “May the Merciful One spare us”), the immediate relatives (i.e. father, mother, brother, sister, son, daughter and spouse) are in the ...
Who is obligated and who is excused from the mitzvah of tefillin (part III)
MBY 38:8-13 Here are a few more halachos to complete the siman:
1) In a very limited way, there may be an exemption from the mitzvah of tefillin for a person who is completely consumed by his continuous involvement in another mitzvah.

2) ...

Who is Qualified to make and sell tefillin? (part I)
MBY 39:1-6 In the first paragraph of the Shema, it states, “You shall bind them (i.e. the words of the Torah) upon your arm… And you shall write them on the doorposts of your houses and your gates.” Our Sages reveal that by juxtaposing the commands ...
Who is qualified to make and sell tefillin? (part II)
MBY 39:7-9 Question: What if an evil villain captures tefillin, and will return them only for a hefty ransom – are we required to oblige him his price? Answer: Only if his price is no more than slightly higher than their true value; otherwise, we ...
Who is qualified to make and sell tefillin? (part III
MBY 39:10 Question: Do tefillin need to be checked? If so, how often?
Answer: If you ask the average tefillin-wearing Jew on the street, he will tell you that you have to have them checked twice in seven years. (How you ever heard that?) This ...
Treating Tefillin with respect of a holy article (abridged)
MBY 40:1 As I am sure everyone is aware, tefillin are holy articles (Heb: ‘tashmishei kedusha’), not far behind a ‘sefer Torah’ (Torah scroll). As such, extreme care must be taken, not merely that they do not become damaged or disgraced, but that ...
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